Acta Scientific Microbiology (ASMI) (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 4

Bio-Particulates in Atmosphere - A Brief Review

Shah Ishfaq1, Syeed Mudasir2, Ajaz Rasool3 and Baba Uqab1*

1Department of Environmental Science, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J&K, India
2Department of Higher Education J&K, Abdul Ahad Azad Memorial Degree College Bemina, India
3Department of Zoology, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J&K, India

*Corresponding Author: Baba Uqab, Department of Environmental Science, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J&K, India.

Received: February 24, 2020; Published: March 20, 2020

×

Abstract

  Bioaerosols encompassing viruses, bacterial cells, protozoa and their cysts, fungal cells, pollen grains and toxic spores from these organisms pose direct threat to human health. Epidemics like Severe Acute respiratory Syndrome and Middle East Respiratory syndrome are reported to be caused by aerosols. In this brief review we have provide detailed description of various bioaersol agents, their role and affects on human health like COPD, Bronchites etc.

Keywords: Bioaerosols; Bioparticulates; Endotoxins; Biofragments

×

References

  1. Balmes JR and Scannell DH. “Occupational lung diseases, in Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2nd edition., LaDou, J., Ed., Appleton and Lange, Stamford (1997): 20.
  2. Douwes J., et al. "Bioaerosol health effects and exposure assessment: progress and prospects”. The Annals of Occupational Hygiene 47.3 (2003): 187-200.
  3. Ksiazek TG., et al. "A novel coronavirus associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome”. New England Journal of Medicine 348.20 (2003): 1953-1966.
  4. Bautista E., et al. "Writing Committee of the WHO Consultation on Clinical Aspects of Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Influenza. Clinical aspects of pandemic 2009 influenza A (H1N1) virus infection”. The New England Journal of Medicine 362.18 (2010): 1708-1719.
  5. Zumla A., et al. "Middle East respiratory syndrome”. The Lancet 386.9997 (2015): 995-1007.
  6. Bowers RM., et al. "Seasonal variability in airborne bacterial communities at a high-elevation site”. Atmospheric Environment 50 (2012): 41-49.
  7. Chow J C., et al. "Characterization of ambient PM10 bioaerosols in a California agricultural town”. Aerosol and Air Quality Research 15.4 (2015): 1433-1447.
  8. Kim K., et al. "Airborne bioaerosols and their impact on human health”. Journal of Environmental Sciences 67 (2018): 23-35.
  9. Burrell Robert. "Microbiological agents as health risks in indoor air”. Environmental Health Perspectives 95 (1991): 29-34.
  10. Bioaerosols ACGIH. "Bioaerosols assessment and control”. In American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Cincinnati, Ohio (1999).
  11. Miller DJ. “Fungi as contaminants in indoor air”. Atmospheric Environment 26A (1992): 2163-2172.
  12. Robbins CA., et al. “Health effects of mycotoxin in indoor air: a critical review”. Appl Occupational and Environmental Hygiene 15 (2000): 773-784.
  13. Mohler O., et al. “Microbiology and atmospheric processes: the role of biological particles in cloud physics”. Biogeosciences 4 (2007): 2559-2591.
  14. Mehta YB., et al. "Tsukamurella infection: a rare cause of community-acquired pneumonia”. The American Journal of the Medical Sciences 341.6 (2011): 500-503.
  15. Nasir ZA., et al. "Bioaerosols in residential micro-environments in low income countries: A case study from Pakistan”. Environmental Pollution 168 (2012): 15-22.
  16. Ruzer LS and Harley NH. “Aerosols Handbook: Measurement, Dosimetry, and Health Effects”. CRC Press (2012).
  17. Burrows SM., et al. “Bacteria in the global atmosphere - Part 1: Review and synthesis of literature data for different ecosystems”. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9 (2009): 9263-9280.
  18. Jaenicke R., et al. “Omnipresence of biological material in the atmosphere”. Environ Chemical 4 (2007): 217.
  19. Graham B., et al. “Composition and diurnal variability of the natural Amazonian aerosol”. Journal of Geophysical Research 108 (2003): 47645.
  20. Matthias-Maser S and Jaenicke R. “The size distribution of primary biological aerosol particles with radii > 0.2 μm in an urban/ rural influenced region”. Atmospheric Research 39 (1995): 279-286.
  21. Macher JM., et al. “Sampling airborne microorganisms and aeroallergens”. In: Cohen, B.S., Hering, S.V. (Eds.), Air Sampling Instruments for Evaluation of Atmospheric Contaminants, 8th edition ACGIH, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA (1995): 589-617.
  22. AIHA (American Industrial Hygiene Association), “Biosafety Committee Biohazards Reference Manual”. AIHA, Washington DC, USA (1986).
  23. CEC (Commission of the European Communities). Report No. 12: Biological Particles in Indoor Environments: Luxembourg (1994).
  24. Rao CY., et al. “Review of quantitative standards and guidelines for fungi in indoor air”. Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association 46 (1996): 899-908.
  25. IAQA. (Indoor Air Quality Association). Indoor Air Quality Association Inc. Indoor Air Quality Standard #95-1 Recommended for Florida. Indoor Air Quality Association, Inc., Longwood, Florida, USA (1995).
  26. Malmberg P. “Microorganisms”. In: Beije, B., Lundberg, P. (Eds.), Criteria Documents from the Expert Group. Arbets Milio Institutet, Solna, Sweden (1991).
  27. Heida H., et al. “Occupational exposure and indoor air quality monitoring in a composting facility”. American Industrial Hygiene Association 56 (1995): 39-43.
  28. OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration). “Indoor air quality-proposed rule” notice of proposed rulemaking”. Federal Register 59.65 (1994): 15968-16039.
  29. EC (Environment Canada). Exposure Guidelines for Residential Indoor Air Quality, Environment Canada. Federal-Provincial Advisory Committee on Environmental and Occupational Health, Ottawa, Ontario 23 (1989) 
  30. Ministry of Environment, Republic of Korea (2010).
  31. Smith DJ., et al. “Airborne bacteria in earth’s lower stratosphere resemble taxa detected in the troposphere: results from a new NASA Aircraft Bioaerosol Collector (ABC)”. Frontiers in Microbiology (2018). 
  32. Aylor DE., et al. “Tracking the potato late blight pathogen in the atmosphere using unmanned aerial vehicles and Lagrangian modeling”. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 151.2 (2011): 251-260. 
  33. Jones AM and Harrison RM. “The effects of meteorological factors on atmospheric bioaerosol concentrations - a review”. Science of the Total Environment 326 (2004): 151-180.
  34. Bovallius A., et al. “Long-range air transmission of bacteria”. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 35 (1978) 1231-1232.
  35. Prospero J., et al. “Interhemispheric transport of viable fungi and bacteria from Africa to the Caribbean with soil dust”. Aerobiologia 21 (2005): 1-19.
  36. Margarit XT., et al. “Bioaerosols in the Barcelona subway system”. Indoor Air John Wiley and Sons (2016). 
  37. Buskirk AD., et al. “A murine inhalation model to characterize pulmonary exposure to dry Aspergillus fumigatus conidia”. PLoS One 9 (2014): e109855.
  38. Lee BU., et al. “Concentration of culturable bioaerosols during winter”. Journal of Aerosol Science 94 (2016): 1-8.
  39. Heo KJ., et al. “Concentration of environmental fungal and bacterial bioaerosols during the monsoon season”. Journal of Aerosol Science 77 (2014): 31-37.
  40. Thorne PS., et al. “Comparison of bioaerosol sampling methods in barns housing swine”. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 58 (1992): 2543-2551.
  41. Amato P., et al. “An important oceanic source of micro-organisms for cloud water at the Puy de Dˆome (France)”. Atmospheric Environment 41 (2007): 8253-8263.
  42. Tong Y and Lighthart B. “The annual bacterial particle concentration and size distribution in the ambient atmosphere in a rural area of the Willamette valley, Oregon”. Aerosol Science and Technology 32 (2000): 393-403.
  43. Yoon C., et al. “Indoor air quality differences between urban and rural preschools in Korea”. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 18.3 (2011): 333-345.
  44. Xia S., et al. “Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERSCoV) entry inhibitors targeting spike protein”. Virus Research 194 (2014): 200-210. 
  45. Al-Abdallar M. “Hospital-associated outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus: A serologic, epidemiologic, and clinical description”. Clinical Infectious Diseases 59.9 (2014): 1-9. 
  46. Al-Tawfiq JA and Perl TM. “Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in healthcare settings”. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases 28.4 (2015): 392-396. 
  47. WHO. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) situation report (2020).
  48. Xiao S., et al. “A study of the probable transmission routes of MERS-CoV during the first hospital outbreak in the Republic of Korea”. Indoor Air 28.1 (2018): 51-63. 
  49. Banik GR., et al. “Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus “MERS-CoV”: Current knowledge gaps”. Paediatric Respiratory Reviews 16.3 (2015): 197-202. 
  50. Beutler B and Rietschel ET. “Innate immune sensing and its roots: the story of endotoxin”. Nature Reviews Immunology 3.2 (2003):169-176.
  51. Tage IB., et al. “Temporal and spatial patterns of ambient endotoxin concentrations in Fresno, California”. Environmental Health Perspectives 118.10 (2010): 1490-1496.
  52. Kreyling WG., et al. “Anatomic localization of 24- and 96-h particle retention in canine airways”. Journal of Applied Physiology 87 (1999): 269-284.
  53. Degobbi C and Hila P. “Endotoxin as modifier of particulate matter toxicity: a review of the literature”. Aerobiologia 27 (2011): 97-105.
  54. Cheng JYW., et al. “Bioactive and total endotoxins in atmospheric aerosols in the Pearl River Delta region, China”. Atmospheric Environment 47 (2012): 3-11.
  55. Abbing-Karahagopian V., et al. “Effect of endotoxin and allergens on neonatal lung function and infancy respiratory symptoms and eczema”. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology 23.5 (2012): 448-455.
  56. Liebers V., et al. “Health effects due to endotoxin inhalation (review)”. Archives of Toxicology 82.4 (2008): 203-210.
  57. Schwartz DA., et al. “Determinants of longitudinal changes in spirometric function among swine confinement operators and farmers”. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 151.1 (1995): 47-53.
  58. Doyen V., et al. “Time course of endotoxininduced airways' inflammation in healthy subjects”. Inflammation 35.1 (2012): 12-17.
  59. Moller W., et al. “Differential inflammatory response to inhaled lipopolysaccharide targeted either to the airways or the alveoli in man”. PLoS One 7.4 (2012): 33505. 
×

Citation

Citation: Baba Uqab., et al. “Bio-Particulates in Atmosphere - A Brief Review". Acta Scientific Microbiology 3.4 (2020): 171-175.



Member In






News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 15, 2020.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US