Acta Scientific Microbiology (ASMI) (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Review Article Volume 3 Issue 3

Genetically Modified Organism (GMO): What is it? Its Development and Future

Ümmügülsüm Güzelsoy1* and Müyesser Kuşcu2

1Yildız Technical University, Faculty of Arts and Science, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics
2Giresun University, Faculty of Engineering, Food Engineering

*Corresponding Author: Ümmügülsüm Güzelsoy, Yıldız Technical University, Faculty of Arts and Science, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics.

Received: February 12, 2020; Published: March 03, 2020

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Abstract

  With the rapid increase in the world population, the development of gene technology has also accelerated to meet basic needs. It is possible to obtain more efficiency from agricultural products in a short time, to obtain enriched products by working on nutrient contents, and to produce solutions against the development of diseases caused by the increase in population thanks to biotechnology.

  Groups that support genetically modified organisms act to improve the shelf life and organoleptic properties of fruits and vegetables in order to increase the yield of plant and animal products to produce the necessary vaccines and drugs for the treatment of human diseases. In addition to improving the quality of nutrition with this technology, researchers also guide organ transplants. They are of the opinion that there will be many benefits.

  The distribution of the species in the nature and their negative effects on the balance between them, toxic effects in plants, the difficulty of the fight against pathogens due to the development of gene resistant against antibiotics, the increase of the risk of allergic reactions due to transfers between genes, led to the emergence of question marks about genetically modified organisms.

  All these positive and negative effects have affected countries' approaches to genetically modified organism technology. The areas of use of genetically modified organisms worldwide, frequency of use, evaluation, legislative practices and the importance of labeling vary by country.

Keywords: Genetically Modified Organisms; Gene Delivery Technology; GMO; GM

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Citation

Citation: Ümmügülsüm Güzelsoy and Müyesser Kuşcu. “Genetically Modified Organism (GMO): What is it? Its Development and Future". Acta Scientific Microbiology 3.4 (2020): 12-15.



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