Acta Scientific Microbiology (ASMI) (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Review Article Volume 3 Issue 3

Review of Expanding Program on Immunization (EPI) in Sudan 2018

Suliman Abaker*

Department of Communicable Diseases Control, Karary University, Sudan

*Corresponding Author: Suliman Abaker, Department of Communicable Diseases Control, Karary University, Sudan.

Received: January 06, 2020; Published: February 10, 2020

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Abstract

  Immunization is one of the most successful global health interventions and cost-effective ways to save lives and prevent diseases. Sudan is the third largest country in Africa, with a land area of 1.882 million km2. It shares borders with seven countries and has a coastal line along the Red Sea.The EPI program in Sudan is the most successful primary health care intervention in the country. Immunization in Sudan is by law mandatory to all target populations and vaccination cards are mandatory for school entry. Vaccines are provided free of charge to all target population living in the country regardless of their nationality, including the refugees.

   Routine immunization program in Sudan has good political support which has been translated into modest financial support. The routine immunization coverage in the country varies with different antigens; there are vaccines that have achieved the targeted coverage of more than 90% since 2008 (BCG, Penta3 and polio3) with dropout rate (DOR) between first and third dose more than 5%. The year 2017 witnessed great improvement in measles vaccination that was stagnant for several years, where MCV1reached 90% for the first time and MCV2 reached 72% at national level.

Keywords: WHO; EPI; GAVI; Sudan; UNICEF; Immunization; Vaccine

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References

  1. Joint External Evaluation of IHR Core Capacities of the Republic of the Sudan. Geneva: World Health Organization (2017). 
  2. Republic of the Sudan, Federal Ministry of Health, Expanded Program on Immunization: Annual Report (2017).
  3. Republic of the Sudan, Federal Ministry of Health, Expanded Program on Immunization: Comprehensive Multi-Year National Immunization Plan (2010).
  4. Sudan: WHO and UNICEF estimates of immunization coverage (2016).
  5. Jamison D., et al. “Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, Second Edition?”. 2006, The World Back Group Archived (2013).
  6. Hadler S., et al. “Vaccination Program in Developing Countries”. Chapter 55: Vaccines (2004).
  7. GAVI Sudan Joint Appraisal report (2018).
  8. The GAVI Alliance: Global Alliance for Vaccines amd immunization (2017).
  9. Ismail IT., et al. “Assessment of Routine Immunization Coverage in Nyala Locality, Reasons behind Incomplete Immunization in South Darfor State, Sudan”. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences 6.1 (2014): 1-8. 
  10. UNICEF – Sudan: Annual report (2017). 
  11. UNICEF: Immunization Financing in MENA Middle-Income Countries (2018). 
  12. WHO: Strengthening routine immunization in Sudan (2013).
  13. Republic of Sudan, Federal Ministry of Health, Expanded Program on Immunization: Sudan EPI Sudan Benefits from Polio Eradication Program – Polio Legacy planning and Implementation Workshop – Geneva (2015).
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Citation

Citation: Suliman Abaker. “Review of Expanding Program on Immunization (EPI) in Sudan 2018". Acta Scientific Microbiology 3.3 (2020): 01-04.



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