Department of Communicable Diseases Control, Karary University, Sudan
*Corresponding Author: Suliman Abaker, Department of Communicable Diseases Control, Karary University, Sudan.
Received: January 06, 2020; Published: February 10, 2020
Immunization is one of the most successful global health interventions and cost-effective ways to save lives and prevent diseases. Sudan is the third largest country in Africa, with a land area of 1.882 million km2. It shares borders with seven countries and has a coastal line along the Red Sea.The EPI program in Sudan is the most successful primary health care intervention in the country. Immunization in Sudan is by law mandatory to all target populations and vaccination cards are mandatory for school entry. Vaccines are provided free of charge to all target population living in the country regardless of their nationality, including the refugees.
Routine immunization program in Sudan has good political support which has been translated into modest financial support. The routine immunization coverage in the country varies with different antigens; there are vaccines that have achieved the targeted coverage of more than 90% since 2008 (BCG, Penta3 and polio3) with dropout rate (DOR) between first and third dose more than 5%. The year 2017 witnessed great improvement in measles vaccination that was stagnant for several years, where MCV1reached 90% for the first time and MCV2 reached 72% at national level.
Keywords: WHO; EPI; GAVI; Sudan; UNICEF; Immunization; Vaccine
Citation: Suliman Abaker. “Review of Expanding Program on Immunization (EPI) in Sudan 2018". Acta Scientific Microbiology 3.3 (2020): 01-04.
Copyright: © 2020 Suliman Abaker. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.