Acta Scientific Microbiology (ASMI) (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 3

Fungal Flora Associated with Indian and Foreign Coins and Their Potential Health Risks

Drishti Navlani*, Aditi Maheshwari, Vidhatri Thakkar, Roheel Taunk, Naitik Chaudhary and Arun Arya

Department of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, India

*Corresponding Author: Drishti Navlani, Department of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, India.

Received: January 30, 2020; Published: February 10, 2020

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Abstract

  

Potential role of spread of pathogenic miroflora on coins and currency notes has been evaluated in different countries. Notes and currency coins may serve as universal vehicles for transmission of potentially pathogenic microorganisms among persons either directly, through hand to hand contact, or indirectly, through water and food. The Purpose of study was to do qualitative and quantitative analysis of microflora associated with Indian and foreign coins.

  Results of the study revealed that bacteria were present in most of the coins, more than 40% coins showed presence of fungi like Aspergillus niger, Curvularia lunata, Chaetomium globosum, Fusarium roseum and Trichoderma viride. Fungi like Aspergillus niger and Fusarium roseum can cause bronchial diseases and may act as potential allergens and few of these are reported to cause skin problems. The Use of digital transaction will reduce such harmful transaction. Cleaning the coins with water or UV treatment may reduce the fungal load.

  Total 100 coins were screened of which 20 were foreign coins. Isolation from these coins resulted into 20 cultures and 6 non sporulating mycelia. Oldest coins was 141 years and new coin was of 2015. Un-circulated Indian coin of 2003 was also tested.

Keywords: Currency Coins; Indian; Foreign; Aspergillus; Fusarium; Chaetomium; Penicillium

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Citation

Citation: Drishti Navlani., et al. “Fungal Flora Associated with Indian and Foreign Coins and Their Potential Health Risks". Acta Scientific Microbiology 3.3 (2020): 01-04.



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