Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Review Article Volume 3 Issue 1

Current Status of Mycoplasma Gallisepticum in Chickens and Associated Risk Factors in Pakistan

Muhammad Farhan Qadir1*, Quratulain2 and Sandhya Ashok3

1College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shanxi Agricultural University, PR China
2Para Veterinary Institute Karor (Layyah Campus) University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pakistan
3Department of Microbiology, University of Karachi, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author: Muhammad Farhan Qadir, College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shanxi Agricultural University, PR China.

Received: December 04, 2019; Published: December 23, 2019

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Abstract

   Avian species are suffered with many infectious and non-infectious diseases in which Mycoplasma gallisepticum is one of vital importance. Infected chickens can be diagnosed on the basis of clinical signs including coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge, foamy secretions in the eye, open mouth breathing, tracheal rales, reduced feed intake, drop in egg production in layers and decrease in weight gain. It is transmitted by both ways that is horizontal and vertical. Its prevalence is different in several regions of the country and current status is described in this paper. Diagnosis of Mycoplasma can be done by different serological tests including Serum plate agglutination test, Hemagglutination inhibition test and Enzyme linked Immunosorbent assay, whereas molecular detection can be done by Polymerase chain reaction. Serological tests are used for initial screening of flocks while confirmatory diagnosis can be done by molecular methods. Infection can be controlled by screening the breeder flock, vaccination of layer chicks and culling of infected flocks because if flock is infected, it remains for full life, so whole flock should be destroyed to avoid the further transmission from parent flock to offspring.

Keywords: Mycoplasma gallisepticum; Current Status; Poultry; Mycoplasmosis; Pakistan

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Citation

Citation: Muhammad Farhan Qadir., et al. "Current Status of Mycoplasma Gallisepticum in Chickens and Associated Risk Factors in Pakistan". Acta Scientific Microbiology 3.1 (2020): 120-123.



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