Maria Alfonsina Lizárraga*, Diego Posik, Eugenia Zappa, Nadia Castillo, Guillermo Giovambattista
IGEVET - Institute of Veterinary Genetic "Ing. Fernando N. Dulout" (UNLP - CONICET LA PLATA). School of Veterinary Sciences, National
University of La Plata, Argentina
*Corresponding Author: Maria Alfonsina Lizárraga, IGEVET - Institute of Veterinary Genetic "Ing. Fernando N. Dulout" (UNLP - CONICET LA PLATA). School of Veterinary Sciences, National University of La Plata, Argentina.
Received: November 26, 2019; Published: December 10, 2019
The genetic quality of laboratory animals is essential for reproducibility of scientific research. Working with animals of certified genetic quality is still a pending issue in Argentina due to the lack of routine genetic controls, of information on the genetic background of animals and of proper training. Apart from being concerned with having their results published and getting funding for research, scientists should know the genetic origin of laboratory animals. Consequently, they should perform genetic controls to verify whether animal integrity has been compromised by accidental genetic contamination or genetic drift. The aim of this work was to evaluate the genetic purity of the inbred C57BL/6J mouse strain from three animal facilities belonging to the Buenos Aires University School of Medicine network by analyzing a panel of microsatellite markers. Female mice tail samples (3-5 mm) were taken and genomic DNA was obtained by organic extraction. The genetic profile of each animal was determined by PCR-fragment analysis, using microsatellites D1Mit155, D2Mit493, D3Mit49, D13Mit13, D6Mit8 and D12Mit12, located on six different autosomal chromosomes and selected from the Mouse Genome Informatics database (www.informatics.jax.org/searches). The results obtained provided key data on the genetic quality of the three inbred animal colonies studied. They also served as an example for other laboratory animal facilities in Argentina and as a starting point to modify the conditions and management of laboratory animal colonies. We determined the genetic purity of the inbred C57BL/6J mouse strain in all animal facilities evaluated. All six loci analyzed were homozygous, certifying their isogenicity and phenotypic uniformity. These results are promising for animal facilities mainly performing biomedical research. They also show a positive evolution in handling animal colonies and use of the 3Rs, and researcher commitment with animal science, since they promote the supply of genetically quality-controlled animals. The positive impact of these results should encourage other researchers using this inbred strain to perform periodic genetic monitoring, thereby consolidating the supply of quality-controlled mice. This pioneering study carried out in IGEVET (CONICET- UNLP) should consolidate the genetic monitoring of inbred strains throughout the country.
Keywords: 3Rs; C57BL/6J; Genetic Monitoring; Conventional Animal Care Facility
Citation: Maria Alfonsina Lizárraga., et al. “Experimentation with Animals: A Key Aspect of the 3Rs: The Genetic Quality".Acta Scientific Microbiology 3.1 (2020): 62-65.
Copyright: © 2020 Lia Maria Alfonsina Lizárraga., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.