Acta Scientific Microbiology

Research ArticleVolume 1 Issue 7

Survey of Human Intestinal Parasites in Communities within Ibadan, Southwestern, Nigeria

Hassan AA, Arosoye AS and Oyebamiji DA*

1Parasitology Unit, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Oyebamiji D A, Parasitology Unit, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Received: May 16, 2018; Published: June 25, 2018

Citation: Aml O El haddad., et al. “Survey of Human Intestinal Parasites in Communities within Ibadan, Southwestern, Nigeria”. Acta Scientific Microbiology 1.7 (2018).

Abstract

  Intestinal Parasitic Infections (IPIs) including the soil transmitted helminthes reportedly affects more than two billion people globally causing significant morbidity and mortality mostly among resource poor people. The IPIs are prevalent among resource poor persons and communities as well as localities with low sanitary standards. Hence, a survey of IPI in two Local Government Ar- eas in Ibadan was conducted to identify the presence and prevalence of parasite eggs, cysts and/or larva. A total of 228 participants were enrolled for the study between April and November 2016. Faecal samples were collected and examined microscopically using the sedimentation (Zinc sulphate solution and formol-ether) techniques. Data obtained were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20 and Microsoft Excel Spread Sheet 2007. The association and significant variation between the prevalence of intestinal parasites in relation to the demographic and socio-economic variables were determined using ANOVA at p < 0.05. The total prevalence of intestinal parasites encountered was 19.3% prevalence (p < 0.05). Eight different species of parasites were encountered with the prevalence of 1.5%, 21.2%, 4.0%, 1.5%, 0.5%, 7.1% and 4.0% for Capillaria hepatica, Ascais lumbricoides, Giardia intenstinalis, hookworm, Opistorchis viverrin, Entamoeba histolytica and Strongyloides stercoralis respectively. Looking at the age groups, age group 11 - 20 was the most infected (46%). Students (50.4%) had the highest prevalence followed by Food vendors (34.5%). The prevalence status of intestinal parasites particularly Ascaris and hookworm confirms a serious public health concern for the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs). The need for proper health education, personal hygiene and mass drug program in the elimination of infections is necessary even though the overall prevalence is less than 20% (WHO prevalence level for mass drug administration).

Keywords: Human; Intestinal Parasites; Ibadan; Prevalence; NTDs

Copyright: © 2018 Oyebamiji D A., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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