Acta Scientific Microbiology

Research ArticleVolume 1 Issue 6

In Vitro Assessment of Inhibition Potential of Ethanomedicinal Plants against Cariogenic Bacteria

Pratik Trivedi1, Jenabhai Chauhan2 and Kalpesh Ishnava3*

1Student, Ashok and Rita Patel Institute of Integrated Studies and Research in Biotechnology and Allied Sciences (ARIBAS), Gujarat, India
2Associate Professor, Ashok and Rita Patel Institute of Integrated Studies and Research in Biotechnology and Allied Sciences (ARIBAS), Gujarat, India
2Assistant Professor, Ashok and Rita Patel Institute of Integrated Studies and Research in Biotechnology and Allied Sciences (ARIBAS), Gujarat, India

*Corresponding Author: Kalpesh B Ishnava, Assistant Professor, Ashok and Rita Patel Institute of Integrated Studies and Research in Biotechnology and Allied Sciences (ARIBAS), Gujarat, India.

Received: April 09, 2018; Published: May 24, 2018

Citation: Kalpesh Ishnava., et al. "In Vitro Assessment of Inhibition Potential of Ethanomedicinal Plants against Cariogenic Bacteria". Acta Scientific Microbiology 1.6 (2018).

Abstract

  Intense anthropogenic growth coupled with the irresponsible expulsion of waste products into natural ecosystems contributes to acute environmental degradation, eventually leading to hazardous consequences. The coastal marine ecosystem of Ondo state, Nigeria, is one such adversely affected site due to crude oil extraction operations. The physicochemical analysis of the zone conducted during this study revealed that the water samples, as well as the sediment samples, was acidic. This water samples was contaminated with excess ammonia (> 15 ppm during the dry season) and contained excess of phosphate (>100 ppm during the dry season), which has potential to cause eutrophication. Excess toxic heavy metals contaminated the water in most of the sampling sites and several enteric microorganisms and disease-causing agents such as Escherichia coli were detected in the ecosystem. The sediments were also contaminated with high amount of toxic heavy metals and excess nutrients such as ammonia and phosphorus. There was an as certainable pattern of seasonal variance in most of the contaminants and parameters measured since their concentration and values were demonstrably higher during the dry season in comparison to the wet season. This comprehensive research study explored the various features of this sensitive ecosystem including the potential ecotoxicity and environmental hazards, which ultimately pose a serious threat to the socio-economic and health well-being of the local people.

Keywords: Toxic Heavy Metals; Ecotoxicity; Coastal Marine Ecosystem; Eutrophication; Ondo State

Copyright: © Adenike A Akinsemolu., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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