Basant Kumar Sinha*
Ex Professor and Head (Microbiology), Bihar Veterinary College, Patna, Bihar, India
*Corresponding Author: Basant Kumar Sinha, Ex Professor and Head (Microbiology), Bihar Veterinary College, Patna, Bihar, India.
Received: April 20, 2018; Published: May 17, 2018
Citation: Basant Kumar Sinha. “Studies on the Inhibitory Effect of some Plant Extracts on Mycoflora and Aflatoxin Production”. Acta Scientific Microbiology 1.6 (2018).
Aqueous extract of different plant extracts was exploited in SKMY liquid medium to observe their effect on aflatoxin production either partly or completely. The substances included were various parts of Neem (Azadirachta indica), such as dried and fresh levees, seeds and its oil. Other substances were Chiraita (Swertia chirata), leaves of tulsi (Osmium sanctum), dried Bhant leaves (Clerodendrum inerme) and Giloi (Tinosporo cordifolia). Dried neem leaves and chiraita were found to be more effective both against AFB1 and AFB2 as dried neem leaves showed 87.82 and 80.81 percent inhibition of AFB1 and AFB2 respectively. Chiraita showed 67.24% inhibition and 100% inhibition of AFB2. In both the cases there was complete inhibition of sporulation and only growth of white mycelial matt was observed. Tulsi leaves had no effect on aflatoxin. Clerodendrum inerme and Tinospora cordifolia showed less than 50% inhibition of aflatoxin.
Keywords: Aspergillus flavus; Aflatoxin production; Plant Extracts; Chromatography
Copyright: © Basant Kumar Sinha. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.