Mahamoudou Sanou1,2*, Absétou Ky/Ba1, Delwindé Albert Komi1, Marius Nagalo6, Fidèle Bakiono5, Cyrille Bisseye7, Abdoul Salam Ouédraogo3, Ramata Ouédraogo1,2 and Jacques Simporé
1 University Ouaga I Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
2 Pediatric University Hospital Charles De Gaulle, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
3 University Hospital Souro-Sanou, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
4 Pietro Annigoni Biomolecular Research Center (CERBA), Department of Biochemistry-Microbiology, University of Ouaga I Prof Joseph Ki Zerbo, Burkina Faso
5 Armed Forces Health Service, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
6 Department of Hematology/Oncology, Mayo Clinic Scottsdale, AZ, USA
7 Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Franceville, Franceville, Gabon
*Corresponding Author: Mahamoudou Sanou, University Ouaga I Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
Received: February 16, 2018; Published: April 14, 2018
Citation: Mahamoudou Sanou. et al. “Double Speed Transfusion in Burkina Faso: Results of the Elisa 4th Generation Tests Versus Determine™ HIV½ of Blood Donors Presumed to be Seroconverting at National Blood Transfusion Center”. Acta Scientific Microbiology 1.5 (2018).
Conflicting results are often observed at blood donors who used 4th generation Elisa and the Determine™ HIV½ tests. This study aims to assess both techniques and determine the most reliable test for blood transfusion.
This study was conducted at the National Blood Transfusion Center-Ouagadougou. This was a prospective study with descriptive purpose of the results of the two HIV diagnostic techniques over a period of five months from January 1 to May 31, 2014. It covered a total of 10028 samples of which 30 were discordant. A recall of 30 donors with discordant results to the Determine™ HIV ½ have given 4 positive and 26 negative results. Considering the results of the second Determine™ HIV ½ test, we finally retain the following results.
Among 10028 samples analyzed, 110 were positive for the 4th generation ELISA. Of these 110 positives, the 3rd generation DETERMINE™ HIV test yielded 80 positives and 30 negatives. Recall of the 30 donors with the discordant results two months later gave 4 positive and 26 negative results to the 3rd generation DETERMINE™ HIV test. The Determine™ 3rd Generation Test gives 0.04% false negative in blood donors. The 4th generation ELISA gives 0.3% false positive in blood donors.
Considering the results of the second DETERMINE HIV½ 3rd generation test, we do not recommend the use of the DETERMINE™ HIV™ 3rd Generation Test alone for HIV screening in blood donors
Keywords: Evaluation; Determine™ HIV ½, Elisa 4th Generation; Discordant; Seroconversion; Blood Donors
Copyright: © 2018 Mahamoudou Sanou., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.