Acta Scientific Microbiology

Research Article Volume 1 Issue 3

Comparative Antimicrobial Efficacy of Locally Made African Black Soaps Produced in Akure, Nigeria and Medicated Soaps Against Selected Clinical Skin Pathogens

Adebayo OC, Afolami OI*, Oladunmoye MK and Bolaniran T

Department of Microbiology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Afolami OI, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.

Received: January 02, 2018; Published: February 16, 2018

DOI: 10.31080/ASMI.2018.01.0026

Citation: Adebayo OC., et al. “Comparative Antimicrobial Efficacy of Locally Made African Black Soaps Produced in Akure, Nigeria and Medicated Soaps Against Selected Clinical Skin Pathogens”. Acta Scientific Microbiology 1.3 (2018).


Abstract

  Microbiological analyses were carried out on African Black Soaps locally produced in three different settlements of Akure, Ondo state, Nigeria and Industrial Medicated Soaps to ascertain the type of organisms associated with them. It was discovered that the Black Soaps and the Medicated Soaps were bacteriologically sterile while ubiquitous air-borne fungi such as Aspergillus niger (2), Aspergillus fumigatus (1), Candida albicans (3) and Aspergillus flavus (2) were present in the African Black Soap samples and as well as the medicated soaps. Comparative evaluation of the antibacterial and the antifungal efficacy of the African Black Soap and Medi- cated Soaps against selected clinical pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Pseudomonas aeruginosa for bacteria; Mucor racemosus, Articulosporum spp. and Saccharomyces exiguus for fungi were done adopting the standard methods described by Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI, 2014). The Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) of the African Black Soaps (A.B.S.1, A.B.S.2, and A.B.S.3) and that of the Medicated Soaps (I.M.S.1 and I.M.S.2) was not significantly different (400 μg/ml) at P ≤ 0.05 levels of significance while the standard Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of the A.B.S. 1, 2, and 3 for the fungal pathogens was 400 μg/ml compared to 600 μg/ml for I.M.S. 1 and 2 respectively at the same level of significance (P ≤ 0.05). Conversely, the results indicated that the potent antifungal properties of locally made African Black Soaps were averagely marginally acceptable at 400 μg/ml concentration making them potent antifungal agents at a relatively higher concentration compared to that of medicated soap at 600 μg/ml concentrations respectively. The findings also proved the potent antimicrobial efficacy of locally made African Black Soaps over Industrial Medicated Soaps.

Keywords: African Black Soap; Industrial Medicated Soap; Antimicrobial Efficacy; Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC); Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC); Akure

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Copyright: © 2018 Afolami OI., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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