Acta Scientific Microbiology

Research Article Volume 1 Issue 3

Toward an Early Warning System for Dengue, Malaria and Zika in Venezuela

Raul Isea1* and Karl E Lonngren2

1Fundación Instituto de Estudios Avanzados, Hoyo de la Puerta, Baruta, Venezuela
2Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA

*Corresponding Author: Raul Isea, Fundación Instituto de Estudios Avanzados, Hoyo de la Puerta, Baruta, Venezuela.

Received: December 21, 2017; Published: February 13, 2018

DOI: 10.31080/ASMI.2018.01.0025

Citation: Raul Isea and Karl E Lonngren. “Toward an Early Warning System for Dengue, Malaria and Zika in Venezuela”. Acta Scientific Microbiology 1.3 (2018).


  The goal of this work is to create an early warning system against the outbreaks of epidemics in Venezuela that allows for the monitoring of possible outbreaks of Dengue, Malaria, and Zika based on the epidemiological data collected from epidemiological report in a Geographic Information System. In order to do that, the Basic Reproduction Number (Ro ) is used to specify if and when an outbreak occurs. The results will indicate if there is an epidemic of Dengue and Zika in Venezuela. However, at the present time, Malaria has reached the epidemic stage in Venezuela as well as in Brazil and Colombia.

Keywords: Geographic Information System; Zika; Malaria; Dengue; Epidemic; Basic Reproduction Number


  1. WHO. “Global outbreak alert and response network (GOARN)” (2017).
  2. CDC. “Influenza Risk Assessment Tool (IRAT)” (2017).
  3. R Isea., et al . “On the mathematical interpretation of epidem - ics by Kermack and McKendrick”. General Mathematics Notes 19.2 (2013): 83-87.
  4. R Isea. “Analysis of an SEIR-SEI four-strain epidemic dengue model with primary and secondary Infections”. Revista Elec - trónica Conocimiento Libre y Licenciamiento 7.5 (2014): 3-7.
  5. R Isea., et al . “A Preliminary Mathematical Model for the Dynamic Transmission of Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika”. American Journal of Modern Physics and Application 3.2 (2016): 11-15.
  6. JAP Heesterbeek., et al . “The concept of Ro in epidemic theo - ry”. Statistica Neerlandica 50.1 (1996): 89-110.
  7. R Isea., et al . “Proposal for an Early Warning System against an AH1N1 influenza pandemic on America”. Advanced Re- search Journal of Engineering and Manufacturing Technology 1.2 (2017): 65-71.

Copyright: © 2018 Raul Isea and Karl E Lonngren. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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