Evaluation of Antibiotics Prescriptions in the City of Vitória, ES - Brazil, and its Relation
with Laboratory Diagnosis
Elton Carvalho Costa1 and Clarisse Maximo Arpini2*
1Pharmaceutical, Specialist in Clinical Analyzes, Emescam, Brazil
2Microbiologist, Laboratory of General Microbiology, University of Vila Velha-UVV, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Clarisse Maximo Arpini, Microbiologist, Laboratory of General Microbiology, University of Vila Velha-UVV,
December 13, 2017; Published: January 08, 2018
Introduction: The correct diagnostics is determinant for the success of the therapy, but if eliminate any step of investigation process,
either by negligence, excess of self-assurance, due to a reduction in costs or due to lack of custom to request some laboratory exami-
nation, can cause several consequences for the patient, like error on prescription, prescription of antibiotic unnecessary, adverse
effects for drug interactions and the argument of bacteria strain multi-resistant.
Objective: To carry out data collection based on analysis of prescriptions and to correlate with the request of laboratory tests for
the diagnosis and prescription of antibiotics.
Material and Method: Due to this problem, 90 antimicrobial prescriptions were analyzed with information about how the diagno-
sis was made, whether clinical examination alone or whether laboratory tests were requested and which were performed.
Result: We found a total of 83% of prescriptions without laboratory tests, prescribed by the most diverse medical specialties.
Conclusion: The findings reinforce the need of education of health professionals for the modification of these habits.
Keywords: Clinical Analysis; Prescription; Antibiotic; Diagnosis
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