Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 11

Incidence and Epidemiological Distribution of Cancers of the Oral Cavity: A Retrospective Review in Guyana

Allyah King, Petra Langevine*, Nekeisha Simon, Russian Tayler, Yassim Aguila, Anna Collins and Dina Harlequin

Department of School of Dentistry, University of Guyana, Guyana

*Corresponding Author: Petra Langevine, Department of School of Dentistry, University of Guyana, Guyana.

Received: September 25, 2023; Published: October 18, 2023

Abstract

Objective: To determine the incidence and epidemiological distribution of cancers of the oral cavity in Guyana from the period January, 2010 to December, 2021.

Methods: A descriptive-retrospective study was conducted at Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation and Woodlands Hospital Ltd, to analyze the biopsy reports of patients from January, 2010 to December, 2021. Total population sampling was conducted to determine the number of patients diagnosed with cancer of the oral cavity. The distribution of cancers of the oral cavity according to age, sex, type, and location was analyzed and the data was presented using descriptive statistics.

Results: This study included a total of 128 patients. The annual incidence of cancers of the oral cavity during the 12 years ranged from 0.13 to 2.51cases per 100,000 persons, with an average annual incidence of 1.2, which was found to be significantly higher in males (74.2%) than females (25.8%) with a M: F ratio of 2.9:1. There was a more significant occurrence of squamous cell carcinoma (94.5%) with a higher frequency in males between 51-60 years. The tongue emerged as the most frequently affected anatomical site, accounting for 79 of the 128 study population (61.7%).

Conclusion: The average annual incidence of cancers of the oral cavity reported was 1.2 cases per 100,000 persons. Generally, oral cavity cancers were more frequent in males between 51-60 years. There was a greater occurrence of squamous cell carcinoma than other oral cavity cancers. The tongue was the most common anatomical site involved.

Keywords: Oral Cavity Cancer; Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Incidence; Epidemiological

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Citation

Citation: Petra Langevine., et al. “Incidence and Epidemiological Distribution of Cancers of the Oral Cavity: A Retrospective Review in Guyana".Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 7.11 (2023): 15-22.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Petra Langevine., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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