Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 8

Influence of the O-A-B System of Antigens and the Rh System on Dental Decay among the 2nd Stage Dental Students

Shurooq Wesam Al-Shaibani1, Maha Hatem Abdul Wahid2, Hayfaa Jaber Hussein1 and Sana’a Abdulrazzaq Ibrahim Alrubaie2*

1Faculty of Dentistry, Basic Science Department, University of Kufa, Al-Najaf, Iraq
2Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Kufa, Iraq

*Corresponding Author: Sana’a Abdulrazzaq Ibrahim Alrubaie, Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Kufa, Iraq.

Received: June 16, 2023; Published: July 04, 2023

Abstract

Background: Dental caries is the most common problem of the stomatognathic system. Formation of the dental plaque, diet related factors, and oral hygiene are presumed to be major etiological factors. The relationship between some systemic diseases and A-B-O blood group is a well-documented fact. The Aim: This study was to investigate the relation between A-B-O blood group and the prevalence of dental caries.

Materials and Methods: A total of 65 dental students participated in the study aged between 19-21 years. The participants were attended to the medical physiology laboratory/Faculty of Dentistry/University of Kufa. They were randomly selected for the study. Dental caries in the study was scored by using the Decay, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT) score index according to WHO criteria.

Results: Blood group (B) was found to be more prevalent among the subjects and (B) blood group patients had the highest mean DMFT score and blood group (AB) the lowest among. The results among all groups were not statistically significant.

Conclusion: In spite of the study limitations, it could be concluded that: higher percentage of A-B-O blood groups have dental caries, but the difference was calculated as a statistically non-significant.

Furthermore, studies were needed to be conducted on a larger population, in order to derive any conclusive results on whether the A-B-O blood group system has any influence on the prevalence of dental caries or non.

Keywords:Dental Caries; ABO; DMFT; Rh Factor

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Citation

Citation: Sana’a Abdulrazzaq Ibrahim Alrubaie., et al. “Influence of the O-A-B System of Antigens and the Rh System on Dental Decay among the 2nd Stage Dental Students".Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 7.8 (2023): 02-07.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Sana’a Abdulrazzaq Ibrahim Alrubaie., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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