Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 8

Influence of the O-A-B System of Antigens and the Rh System on Dental Decay among the 2nd Stage Dental Students

Shurooq Wesam Al-Shaibani1, Maha Hatem Abdul Wahid2, Hayfaa Jaber Hussein1 and Sana’a Abdulrazzaq Ibrahim Alrubaie2*

1Faculty of Dentistry, Basic Science Department, University of Kufa, Al-Najaf, Iraq
2Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Kufa, Iraq

*Corresponding Author: Sana’a Abdulrazzaq Ibrahim Alrubaie, Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Kufa, Iraq.

Received: June 16, 2023; Published: July 04, 2023


Background: Dental caries is the most common problem of the stomatognathic system. Formation of the dental plaque, diet related factors, and oral hygiene are presumed to be major etiological factors. The relationship between some systemic diseases and A-B-O blood group is a well-documented fact. The Aim: This study was to investigate the relation between A-B-O blood group and the prevalence of dental caries.

Materials and Methods: A total of 65 dental students participated in the study aged between 19-21 years. The participants were attended to the medical physiology laboratory/Faculty of Dentistry/University of Kufa. They were randomly selected for the study. Dental caries in the study was scored by using the Decay, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT) score index according to WHO criteria.

Results: Blood group (B) was found to be more prevalent among the subjects and (B) blood group patients had the highest mean DMFT score and blood group (AB) the lowest among. The results among all groups were not statistically significant.

Conclusion: In spite of the study limitations, it could be concluded that: higher percentage of A-B-O blood groups have dental caries, but the difference was calculated as a statistically non-significant.

Furthermore, studies were needed to be conducted on a larger population, in order to derive any conclusive results on whether the A-B-O blood group system has any influence on the prevalence of dental caries or non.

Keywords:Dental Caries; ABO; DMFT; Rh Factor


  1. Hamamcilar O and Sports A. “Effect of dental caries and the consequential variation in blood parameters on the anaerobic performance of rowing athletes”. Medical Journal of Islamic World Academy of Sciences 2 (2019): 55-60.
  2. Sawhney S., et al. “The Association between Root Caries , Xerostomia and Blood Glucose in a Patient with Type 2 Diabetes”. Diabetes Case Reports 6 (2021): 1-7.
  3. Rasha N Alotaibi., et al. “Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) of dental caries in diverse populations”. BMC Oral Health 21 (2021): 377.
  4. S C Leal., et al. “Untreated cavitated dentine lesions: impact on children’s quality of life”. Caries Research 2 (2012): 102-106.
  5. Collaborators GD and II and P. “Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017”. Lancet 10159 (2018): 1789-1858.
  6. Shafer JR., et al. “Genetic susceptibility to dental caries on pit and fssure and smooth surfaces”. Caries Research 46 (2012): 38-46.
  7. Yadav K PS. “Dental caries: A microbiological approach”. Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases and Practice 1 (2017): 1-15.
  8. AS A. “Association between ABO blood groups and severity of chronic periodontitis”. Journal of King Abdulaziz University - Medical Sciences 16 (2009): 31-41.
  9. Al-Sihli A-HA., et al. “Correlation of Dental Caries with ABO Blood Group and Salivary Secretor Status among Female Subjects, Makkah City, Saudi Arabia”. International Journal of Health Sciences and Research 8 (2018): 185.
  10. Ravi Kumar Gudipaneni and Ahmed Saud Alkuwaykibi KKG. “Assessment of caries diagnostic thresholds of DMFT, ICDAS II and CAST in the estimation of caries prevalence rate in first permanent molars in early permanent dentition-a cross-sectional study”. BMC Oral Health 33 (2022): 133.
  11. Ghobad MORADI and Amjad MOHAMADI BOLBANABAD AM. “Evaluation of Oral Health Status Based on the Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT) Index”. Iranian Journal of Public Health 11 (2019): 2050-2057.
  12. TM M. “Changes in dental caries 1953-2003”. Caries Research 3 (2004): 173-181.
  13. Alkhayoun JD., et al. “Dental Caries and Salivary Immunoglobulin A in Relation to ABO Blood Type and Rh Factor among Dental Students Aged 20-21 Years Old”. Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science 5 (2019): 123-128.
  14. Itziar Lopetegi AM-L. “ABO blood group distributions in multiple sclerosis patients from Basque Country; O- as a protective factor”. Multiple Sclerosis Journal - Experimental, Translational and Clinical (2019): 1-4.
  15. M LG and F. “Beyond immunohaematology: the role of the ABO blood group in human diseases”. Blood transfusion 4 (2013): 491-499.
  16. Demir T., et al. “The effect of ABO blood types on periodontal status”. European Journal of Dentistry 1 (2007): 139-143.
  17. V Subramanian., et al. “ABO-incompatible organ transplantation”. International Journal of Immunogenetics 4 (2012): 282-290.
  18. Rahfeld P and Withers SG. “Toward universal donor blood: Enzymatic conversion of A and B to O type”. Journal of Biological Chemistry 2 (2020): 325-334.
  19. Ajmani PS. “Blood Group and Immunology”. In: Immunohematology and Blood banking (2020): 7-23.
  20. Ranadhir Mitra and Nitasha Mishra GPR. “Blood groups systems”. Indian Journal of Anaesthesia 5 (2014).
  21. Azab Elsayed Azab HMMA. “Prevalence of Oral Health Problems and Distribution According to Socio-demographic Variables and Blood Groups among Patients in the Tripoli Region”. Journal of Dental Science Research 1 (2022): 1-15.
  22. Al-Waely SDA-AHAA. “Association of ABO and Rh blood Groups With Type 2 Diabetes”. Iraqi Journal of Biotechnology 1 (2022).
  23. S A Meo., et al. “Association of ABO and Rh blood groups with type 2 diabetes mellitus”. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences 2 (2016): 237-242.
  24. Pinkston JA CP. “ABO blood groups and salivary gland tumors (Alabama, United States)”. Cancer Causes Control6 (2006): 572-574.
  25. Janardhana V PD. “ABO blood groups in hematolog1ic malignancies”. Cancer Genet Cytogenet1 (1991): 113-120.
  26. Whincup PH and Cook DGPA. “Shaper AG. ABO blood group and ischaemic heart disease in British men”. BMJ6741 (1990): 1679-1682.
  27. Salih KM., et al. “Frequency of ABO blood groups and secretor status and their relation with dental decay in sections of students and employees of Al-Mustansiriyiah University, Iraq” 3.2 (2005): 108-112.
  28. “Association between ABO blood groups and severity of chronic periodontitis”. Journal of King Abdulaziz University-Medical Sciences 16.3 (2009): 31-34.
  29. Gautam A and Mittal NST. “Correlation of ABO blood group phenotype and rhesus factor with periodontal disease: An observational study”. Contemporary Clinical Dentistry 2 (2017): 253-258.
  30. Demir T and Tezel AOR. “The effect of ABO blood types on periodontal status”. European Journal of Dentistry 3 (2007): 139-143.
  31. Kayal H., et al. “The distribution of blood groups in Erzurum”. Med J Ataturk Univ 31 (1999): 20-22.
  32. Rai P and Acharya SHK. “Assessment of ABO blood grouping and secretor status in the saliva of the patients with oral potentially malignant disorders”. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology 2 (2015): 64-69.
  33. C L-P. “The role of saliva in maintaining oral health and as an aid to diagnosis”. Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal 11 (2006): E449-455.
  34. Kadhum RFDB. “ABO blood type in relation to caries experience and salivary physicochemical characteristic among college students at Al-Diwania governorate in Iraq”. Journal of Baghdad College of Dentistry 27 (2015): 1-7.
  35. Hatzimanouil D., et al. “ABO blood group phenotypes and dental disorders-Is there any relation? A cross sectional study in Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India”. Journal of Oral Health and Oral Epidemiology 3 (2021): 25-32.
  36. Kaluram Yadav. Corresponding author JITENDER SOLANKI CLD. “Association between different blood groups, depression and oral health status of dental students”. Clujul Medical 3 (2018): 317-321.
  37. Mondal B and Maiti S BB. “Prevalence of hemoglobinopathy, ABO and rhesus blood groups in rural areas of West Bengal, India”. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences 17 (2012): 772-776.
  38. Mazumdar P., et al. “RESEARCH ARTICLE 59 YEARS AGE GROUP OF SUBURBAN POPULATION OF NORTH KOLKATA , WEST BENGAL : A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY”. International Journal of Current Research 3 (2022): 1-4.
  39. SM H. “Molecular diversity in the biosynthesis of GI tract glycoconjugates. A blood-group-related chart of microorganism receptors”. Transfusion Clinique et Biologique 8 (2001): 226-230.
  40. Mazumdar P and Das UK GS. “Correlation between blood group and dental caries in 20-60 years age group:A study”. IJAR11 (2014): 413-424.


Citation: Sana’a Abdulrazzaq Ibrahim Alrubaie., et al. “Influence of the O-A-B System of Antigens and the Rh System on Dental Decay among the 2nd Stage Dental Students".Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 7.8 (2023): 02-07.


Copyright: © 2023 Sana’a Abdulrazzaq Ibrahim Alrubaie., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.278

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US