Maralgoo P1, Batbayar B2, Purevjav N1 and Javkhlan P1*
1Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Mongolia
1Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Mongolia
*Corresponding Author: Javkhlan P, Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, Mongolia.
Received: March 14, 2023; Published: April 10, 2023
Objectives: The present study demonstrated dental caries prevalence, intensity, and tooth loss status among the population of Mongolia's Western region.
Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 10 sum-area (permanent sub-unit settlements) of the western region of Mongolia. A total of 475 people aged 18 to 74 years old residing in the western region were divided into three age groups: 18-34, 35-44, and 45-74. Caries prevalence was evaluated on DMFT mean values according to WHO criteria by age groups. Tooth loss was examined according to classification which was used in Mongolia as follows: 0-No tooth loss, 1-Low (1-3 missing teeth), 2-Moderate (4-6 missing teeth), 3-High (7-13 teeth missing), 4-Edentulous. Statistical differences of less than 0.05 were considered significant.
Results: Caries prevalence in the 18-34 age group was 72.5%, 65% in the 35-44 age group, and 58.1% in the 45-74 age groups. Caries intensity was 5.41 in the 18-34 age group, 6.69 in the 35-44 age group, and 11.19 in the 45-74 age groups respectively. The prevalence of tooth loss in Western populations was 84.03%; in the 18-34 age group, it was 75%; in the 35-44 age group, it was 85%; and in the 45-74 age group, it was 92.1% (P < 0.001). Data shows a correlation between the number of lost teeth and age groups.
Conclusion: In conclusion, the caries prevalence, intensity, and tooth loss among adults in Western Mongolia were high and increased with age. The lowest percentage of caries prevalence and tooth loss was in 18-34-year-olds, continuously increasing by age group, whereas the highest percentage was in 45-74-year-olds. This correlation of dental caries and tooth loss status with age groups supports the development of prevention programs and appropriate dental treatment services in Mongolia's rural areas.
Keywords: Edentulous; Tooth Decay; Severity; Dental Arch; Oral Status
Citation: Javkhlan P., et al. “Caries Severity and Tooth Loss Status of Adults in Mongolia’s Western Region".Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 7.5 (2023): 14-17.
Copyright: © 2023 Javkhlan P., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.