Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 4

Evaluation of Surgical Scalpel Versus Semiconductor Diode Laser Technique in the Management of Gingival Melanin Hyperpigmentation Along with Crown Lengthening: A Split Mouth Randomized Clinical Comparative Study

Gayathri Radhakrishnan*, Pramod Tatuskar and Shobha Prakash

Post Graduate Student, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka, India

*Corresponding Author: Gayathri Radhakrishnan, Post Graduate Student, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka, India.

Received: March 07, 2023; Published: March 30, 2023

Abstract

Background: Gingiva that is dark or black in colour and has a lower clinical crown height is an aesthetic concern, especially in people who have a high lip line or a gummy smile. Gingival depigmentation and crown lengthening are perioplastic treatments in which the gingival epithelium is removed using various ways to obtain the results. The goal of this study was to examine two different treatments for gingival melanin pigmentation and crown lengthening.

Material and Methods: This was a randomised split-mouth trial in which 18 patients with diffuse, dark brown to black gingival discolouration and a short clinical crown were treated with a diode laser and surgical excision, and then followed up for 3 and 6 months. The data was analysed usingmann-whitneytest.

Results: When comparing the scalpel and laser techniques, bleeding during surgery, pain score, and the difficulty of the procedure as judged by the operator were all statistically higher for the scalpel technique. There was no statistically significant difference in wound healing between the two approaches.

Conclusion: Depigmentation and crown lengthening procedures can be accomplished using either a laser or a scalpel. The lasertreated locations, on the other hand, demonstrated less pain for the patient and improved operator comfort.

Keywords: Gingival Pigmentation; Melanin; Diode Laser; Surgical Scalpel Technique; Wound Healing

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Citation

Citation: Gayathri Radhakrishnan.,et al. “Evaluation of Surgical Scalpel Versus Semiconductor Diode Laser Technique in the Management of Gingival Melanin Hyperpigmentation Along with Crown Lengthening: A Split Mouth Randomized Clinical Comparative Study".Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 7.4 (2023): 137-145.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Gayathri Radhakrishnan., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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