Chetan Vinay Deshmukh1*, Arun Suresh Dodamani2 and Vibhuti Dilip Mistry3
1Assistant Professor and Ph.D. Research Scholar, Department of Public Health
Dentistry, A.C.P.M. Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra State, India
2Principal, Professor and Head, Ph.D. Research Guide, Department of Public Health Dentistry, A.C.P.M. Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra State, India
3Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontology, A.C.P.M. Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra State, India
*Corresponding Author: Chetan Vinay Deshmukh, Assistant Professor and Ph.D. Research Scholar, Department of Public Health Dentistry, A.C.P.M. Dental College, Dhule, Maharashtra State, India.
Received: December 09, 2022; Published: December 22, 2022
Introduction: The impact of climate change on oral health is of significant importance. Certain facets of climate change have culminated in the emergence of epidemics, destruction of forests, flooding of coastal areas and other fatalities. Impact of climate change on the lives of natives of a particular geographical region influences the overall health status of an individual. Global repercussions have an effect on the ecosystem. Effects of climate change on human health are both direct and indirect. Oral health is an essential component of general health as poor oral health effects growth, development and learning for children, communication, nutrition, self-esteem and various systemic conditions. Because of its effects on daily living, oral health is considered a determinant of quality of life.
Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to expand the discussion of global climate disruption to include considerations of oral health outcomes and dental practice crisis preparedness.
Method: A systematic review of all relevant literature was carried out. Data search for the present review was done both electronically as well as manually. Familiarisation with scholarly articles documenting climate impact on Oral health was carried out for formulation of next steps. Electronic search was conducted using databases such as PubMed and MEDLINE and articles published in peer-reviewed journals. Web-based search engines such as Google Scholar were also used to extract relevant articles using various keywords and their combinations. The terms such as ‘oral health’, ‘dental’, ‘climate change’, ‘climate crisis’, 'environmental changes’ and 'public health’ were combined with the MeSH terms by Boolean “AND” or “OR” and entered in both PubMed and Google Scholar. The collected documents included original articles, reviews, editorials, guest editorials, letters to editor, interviews, short reports, and short communications. Some data were also obtained by cross-checking the reference lists of the articles accessed. Studies that were not published in English language were excluded from the study.
Conclusion: Oral health indicators have the potential to form early warning systems for systemic disease surveillance. By bringing dental discipline expertise to the table, oral health professionals will collaborate with medical, nursing and public health colleagues to tackle these unprecedented challenges and reinforce the status of oral health as part of overall health.
Recommendations: Climate change affects health, including oral health. Provider awareness is essential for recognition and management of climate impacts on individuals and communities. Practice preparedness is critical for securing health system resiliency and navigating adverse climate events to ensure positive health outcomes. Oral health care delivery systems can be retooled to ensure equitable access and integrated delivery of service to the most vulnerable populations.
Keywords: Climate Change; Oral Health; Dentistry; Mitigation
Citation: Chetan Vinay Deshmukh., et al. “Climate Change on Oral Health and Dentistry: Association and Mitigation".Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 7.1 (2023): 78-85.
Copyright: © 2023 Chetan Vinay Deshmukh., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.