Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Review Article Volume 6 Issue 12

CVMI and SMI- A Tool for Age Assessment in Orthodontic Patients

Krishna Arora1* and Putri Qistina2

1Head of the Department, Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Manipal University College, Malaysia
2Associate Dentist, My Dentist Ampang

*Corresponding Author: Krishna Arora, Head of the Department, Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Manipal University College, Malaysia.

Received: November 23, 2022; Published: November 28, 2022


Accurate measurement of skeletal maturity is critical to understand the possible etiology, diagnosis, modal¬ity, timing of treatment, and its eventual outcome of various skeletal abnormalities. In Orthodontics growth prediction is an assessment of the amount of growth to be expected. Some important clin¬ical decisions whether to extract or not to extract, use of orthopedic functional appliances, fixed-functional appliances, and some surgical decisions are based on growth of an individual. In this review we researches want to highlight the most important, clinically relevant and easy to use methods of age estimation.

Keywords:Age Assessment; SMI; CVMI


  1. Moyer RE. “Handbook of Orthodontics”. 3rd Chicago: Yearbook (1973).
  2. Moore R., et al. “Skeletal maturation and craniofacial growth”. American Journal of Orthodontics 98 (1990): 33-40.
  3. Fishman LS. “Radiographic evaluation of skeletal maturation. A clinically oriented method based on hand-wrist films”. The Angle Orthodontist 52 (1982): 88-112.
  4. Lysle E Johnston. “A simplified approach to prediction”. American Journal of Orthodontics 67 (1975): 252-257.
  5. Flores-Mir C., et al. “Use of skeletal maturation based on hand-wrist radiographic analysis as a predictor of facial growth: a systematic review”. The Angle Orthodontist 74 (2004): 118-124. 
  6. Hassel B and Farman AG. “Skeletal maturation evaluation using cervical vertebrae”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 107 (1995): 58-66.
  7. Fishman LS. “Chronological versus skeletal age, an evaluation of craniofacial growth”. The Angle Orthodontist 49 (1979): 181-189.
  8. Demirjian A., et al. “Interrelationships among measures of somatic, skeletal, dental and sexual maturity”. American Journal of Orthodontics 88 (1985): 433-438.
  9. Jamison JE., et al. “Longitudinal changes in the maxilla and the maxillary-mandibular relationship between 8 and 17 years of age”. American Journal of Orthodontics 82 (1982): 217-230.
  10. Ricky WK., et al. “Use of cervical vertebral maturation to determine skeletal age”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics4 (2009): 484.e1-484.e6.
  11. Schulhof RJ., et al. “Prediction of abnormal growth in Class III malocclusions”. American Journal of Orthodontics 4 (1971): 421-430.
  12. Björk A. “A discussion on the significance of growth changes in the facial pattern and their relationship to changes in the occlusion”. Transactions of the European Orthodontic Society (1951): 105-122.


Citation: Krishna Arora and Putri Qistina. “CVMI and SMI- A Tool for Age Assessment in Orthodontic Patients".Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 6.12 (2022): 135-139.


Copyright: © 2022 Krishna Arora and Putri Qistina. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.278

Indexed In

News and Events

Contact US