Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Review Article Volume 6 Issue 12

Correlation of Peri-Implant Bone Loss and Occlusal Trauma: A Literature Review

Urbashi Roy Chowdhury1 and Deepa G Kamath2

1Department of Periodontology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2Professor, Department of Periodontology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India

*Corresponding Author: Deepa G Kamath, Professor, Department of Periodontology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Received: October 21, 2022; Published: November 21, 2022

Abstract

Implants were discovered by Professor Branemark back in the 1950’s. As we stand today in the 21st century, we still haven’t completely figured out the dynamics of an implant and its association and effect on the periodontium. Controversy still exists regarding the role of excessive occlusal overload on peri-implantitis or implant failure. Animal studies shows conflicting results and human clinical trials are inadequate to draw a conclusion whether loss of osseointegration is caused by undue occlusal load or just leads to marginal bone loss. There are no set rules or measurements which would guide a clinician in planning an implant keeping the periodontal as well as prosthetic component balanced. Hence this review paper aims to compile the evidence present currently and help understand the complex relationship biomechanical stress and its effect on bone loss around implants, in a concise manner.

Keywords:Occlusion; Occlusal Trauma; Dental Implants; Peri-Implantitis; Peri-Implant Bone Loss

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Citation

Citation: Urbashi Roy Chowdhury and Deepa G Kamath. “Correlation of Peri-Implant Bone Loss and Occlusal Trauma: A Literature Review".Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 6.12 (2022): 102-108.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Urbashi Roy Chowdhury and Deepa G Kamath. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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