Comparative Evaluation of Efficacy of with and without Lift the Lip Technique in the Removal of
Dental Plaque among 2-5 Years Preschool Children in Davangere city - A Concurrent Parallel
Randomized Controlled Trial
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere,
*Corresponding Author: Apoorva Shukla, Department of Public Health Dentistry,
Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere, India.
Received: October 03, 2022; Published: October 18, 2022
Objective: A study was planned to evaluate the efficacy of with and without lift the lip technique in the removal of dental plaque
among 2-5 years preschool children in Davangere city.
Materials and Methods: The present study is a concurrent parallel randomized controlled trial. A total of 28 participants aged 2
- 5 years were randomly allocated to two different groups as with and without lift the lip technique as group 1 and 2, where Fones
toothbrushing was demonstrated to the parents of all the participants. Dental plaque was assessed at baseline, after seventh day and
14th day using plaque index. For within group and between group comparison Repeated measures ANOVA and independent t test
were applied. Chi square test was used to assess the association between cooperation by children during toothbrushing with age and
Results: Statistically significant reduction (p = 0.00) was found from baseline to seventh day and 14th day in dental plaque with
mean scores from baseline (1.31;1.29), (0.95;0.86) at seventh day and reduced to (0.63;0.76) at 14th day for Group 1 and 2. No significant
difference between the groups (p = 0.47; p = 1; p = 0.4) was found. There were no statistically significant association seen
between the cooperation by children during toothbrushing with age (p = 0.69) and gender (p = 1.0).
Conclusions: Lift the lip technique is a simple and less time consuming technique which can provide better visualization and hence
can help in the removal of dental plaque. Ultimately, it can help in the reduction of Early Childhood Caries.
Keywords: Early Childhood Caries; Dental Plaque; White Spot Lesion; Fones Method; Toothbrushing; Oral Hygiene
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