Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 11

Periodontal Status and Treatment Needs of Mentally Challenges Individuals Attending Special School in Nashik District, Maharashtra, India

Vrushali Chaware1, Sachin Chaware2*, Vinay Kakatkar3 and Abhishek Darekar4

1Associate Professor, Department of Public Health Dentistry, MGV KBH Dental College, Panchavati, Nashik, Maharashtra, India
2Consulting Prosthodontics and Independent Researcher, India
3Professor and Head, Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, SMBT IDSR Dental College, Dhamangaon, Nashik, India
4Professor, Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, SMBT IDSR Dental College, Dhamangaon, Nashik, India

*Corresponding Author: Sachin Chaware, Consulting Prosthodontics and Independent Researcher, India.

Received: August 10, 2022; Published: October 17, 2022

Abstract

Background: Mentally challenged individuals are faced with many challenges in understanding and maintain their health and are particularly vulnerable to having unmet health care needs. Periodontal status of these individuals has received a very little attention and there is paucity of information about their periodontal status and treatment needs.

Aims: A cross sectional study was conducted to assess the periodontal status and treatment needs of mentally challenged individuals attending special schools in Nasik district, Maharashtra, India.

Subjects and Methods: On the basis of convenient nonprobability sampling technique. All the mentally challenged individuals residing at special school of Nasik district was examined to assess for periodontal status and periodontal needs. A total 272 subjects were examined. Out of that 201 were male subjects and 71 were female subjects. Data was evaluated by using Statistical Package for Social Science version 20. Data comparison was done by applying Chi‑square test.

Results: The study subject were divided into two categories i.e. below 15 years (n = 161) and 15 years and above (n = 111). Healthy periodontium was present 51 ( 18.75%) study subjects. Bleeding on probing and calculus were seen 36 (13.23%), and 174(63.97%) respectively. 11(9.90%) study subjects had shallow pocket. 94(84.68) study subjects had loss of attachment (LOA) 0-3 mm (score 0). LOA of score 1 (4-5 mm), score 2 (6-8 mm), and score 3 (9-11 mm) were seen in 11.71%, 2.70% and 0.90% subjects respectively. LOA of 12 mm or above was not observed in any of the study subjects. There was no statistically significant difference between the scores of LOA between males and females (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: The most prevalent findings of the study is the presence of calculus (63.79%), followed by bleeding on probing. The study reported a smaller number of periodontal pockets as the maximum numbers of subjects were below 15 years. A strong deficit was seen in between the periodontal status and treatment needs.

Keywords:Mentally Challenged; WHO 1997 Methodology; Periodontal Status

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Citation

Citation: Sachin Chaware., et al. “Periodontal Status and Treatment Needs of Mentally Challenges Individuals Attending Special School in Nashik District, Maharashtra, India".Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 6.11 (2022): 72-81.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Sachin Chaware et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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