Oral Health Status of Children with Disabilities: A Review of Literature
Eyman Abdalla1* and Hanan Mohamed2
1Dental Public Health Department, Sudan Medical Specialization Board (SMSB), Council of Dental Public Health,
2Pediatric Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University,
*Corresponding Author: Eyman Abdalla, Dental Public Health Department, Sudan Medical Specialty Board (SMSB), Khartoum, Sudan.
Received: October 03, 2022; Published: October 08, 2022
Population with disabilities forms 15 per cent of the general population, and these disabilities could be Physical, Hearing, vision, mental, developmental, or intellectual disabilities. This review aims to determine the oral health status of disabled children to bring attention to this population for future research and program planning.
Children with disabilities are at high risk for experiencing oral diseases than the general population. Different studies recognized poor oral health indicators among disabled children, such as high dental caries, periodontal disease prevalence, missing teeth, and malocclusion. Different barriers to dental service were also observed in this group population. Barriers included underestimated priority, lack of physical access, lack of skilled staff and communications barriers. Consequently, poor oral health negatively impacts chewing ability, nutrition and digestion, facial characteristics, and speech. In conclusion, disabled children are at high risk of oral diseases accompanied by barriers to dental services. Preventive and treatment programs are required to improve the oral health of this group of the population.
Keywords: Disability; Oral Health; Caries; Periodontal Disease; Dental Injuries
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