Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Case Series Volume 6 Issue 7

Endodontic Treatment of Infected Lower Primary Second Molar with Agenesis of Permanent Second Premolar-A Case Series

Zainab F Nagani1*, Harsh R Sachdev1 and Tushar Yadav2

1IIIrd. Year Postgraduate Student, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Dr G. D. Pol Foundation, Y.M.T. Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2Associate Professor, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Dr G. D. Pol Foundation, Y.M.T. Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

*Corresponding Author: Zainab F Nagani, IIIrd. Year Postgraduate Student, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Dr G. D. Pol Foundation, Y.M.T. Dental College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Received: June 13, 2022; Published: June 28, 2022

Abstract

Hypodontia is defined as the absence of one or a couple of teeth. It has been regarded as the most frequent dental developmental anomalies among humans. Agenesis of mandibular second premolar is the most common anomaly. In the congenital absence of permanent second premolar the management of retained primary second molar (PSM) could be challenging. The present case series report contains the endodontic treatment of two infected mandibular PSM that has developed a peri-apical lesion. Owing to the agenesis of the permanent successor tooth, during endodontic preparation the tooth was disinfected and also in the subsequent session the root canal system was filled with gutta purcha point followed by crown placement. 12 months of follow-up revealed that the tooth was symptomless as well as brought back to function, also lamina dura re-establishment and inter-radicular bone lesions healing was seen, indicating successful treatment.

Keywords: Endodontic; Second Molar; Agenesis

References

  1. Matalova J., et al. “Tooth agenesis: from molecular genetics to molecular dentistry”. Journal of Dental Research 7 (2008): 617-623.
  2. Moyers RE and Riolo ML. “Early treatment. In: Moyers RE, editor. Handbook of Orthodontics. 4th edition”. Chicago: Yearbook Medical Publishers (1988): 348-S53.
  3. Jorgenson “Clinician’s view of hypodontia”. Journal of the American Dental Association 101 (1980): 283-286.
  4. Pemberton TJ., et al. “Hypodontia: Genetics and future perspective”. The Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences 4 (2005): 695-706.
  5. Al-Ani , et al. “Hypodontia: an update on its etiology, classification, and clinical management”. BioMed Research International (2017): 9378325.
  6. Rakshan V. “Meta analysis and systematic review of factors biasing the observed prevalence of congenitally missing teeth in permanent dentition excluding third molars”. Progress in Orthodontics 14 (2013): 33.
  7. Goya HA., et al. “An orthopantomographic study of hypodontia in permanent teeth of Japanese pediatric patients”. Journal of Oral Science 50 (2008): 143-150.
  8. Garib DG., et al. “Increased occurrence of dental anomalies associated with second-premolar agenesis”. The Angle Orthodontist 79 (2009): 436-441.
  9. Lakshmanan L and Gurunathan D. “Prevalence of congenitally missing second premolar teeth in the Dravidian population”. Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences 11 (2019): 103-106.
  10. Larmour CJ., et al. “Hypodontia--a retrospective review of prevalence and Part I”. Quintessence International 36.4 (2005): 263-270.
  11. Polder BJ., et al. “A meta-analysis of the prevalence of dental agenesis of permanent teeth”. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology 3 (2004): 217-226.
  12. Nunn , et al. “The interdisciplinary management of hypodontia: background and role of paediatric dentistry”. British Dental Journal 194 (2003): 245-251.
  13. Rune B and Sarnas KV. “Root resorption and submergence in retained deciduous second molars”. European Journal of Orthodontics 6 (1984): 123-131.
  14. Hvaring CL., et al. “The prognosis of retained primary molars without successors: infraocclusion, root resorption and restorations in 111 patients”. European Journal of Orthodontics 1 (2014): 26-30.
  15. Saad AY. “Regressive changes of the dental pulp complex in retained primary molars with congenitally missing successor teeth”. The Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry 22 (1997): 63-67.
  16. Kenworthy CR and Larson BE. “Incorporating retained deciduous teeth in orthodontic therapy”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 119 (2001): 202-210.
  17. Sletten , et al. “Retained deciduous mandibular molars in adults: a radiographic study of long-term changes”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 124 (2003): 625-630.
  18. Northway W. “Hemisection: one large step toward management of congenitally missing lower second premolars”. The Angle Orthodontist 74 (2004): 792-799.
  19. Northway WM. “The nuts and bolts of hemisection treatment: managing congenitally missing mandibular second premolars”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 127 (2005): 606-610.
  20. Valencia R., et al. “Controlled slicing in the management of congenitally missing second premolars”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 125 (2004): 537-543.
  21. Medio M., et al. “Management of mandibular second premolar agenesis”. Journal of Dentofacial Anomalies and Orthodontics 18 (2015): 105.
  22. Josefsson , et al. “Treatment of lower second premolar agenesis by autotransplantation: four-year evaluation of eighty patients”. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica 57.2 (1999): 111-115.
  23. Eckert SE and Wollan PC. “Retrospective review of 1170 endosseous implants placed in partially edentulous jaws”. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 79 (1998): 415-421.
  24. Näpänkangas , et al. “Longevity of fixed metal ceramic bridge prostheses: a clinical follow-up study”. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 29.2 (2002): 140-145.
  25. Durey KA., et al. “Resin bonded bridges: techniques for success”. British Dental Journal 211 (2011): 113-118.
  26. Weine “Endodontic therapy.5th edition”. St. Louis: Mosby (1996): 359-361.
  27. Cohen S and Burns “Pathways of the pulp. 7th edition”. St. Louis: Mosby (1994): 659-661.
  28. Mamopoulou A., et al. “Agenesis of mandibular second premolars. Spontaneous space closure after extraction therapy: a 4-year follow-up”. European Journal of Orthodontics 6 (1996): 589-600.
  29. Bjerklin K., et al. “Agenesis of mandibular second premolars with retained primary molars: a longitudinal radiographic study of 99 subjects from 12 years of age to adulthood”. European Journal of Orthodontics 3 (2008): 254-261.
  30. Camp JH., et al. “Pediatric endodontics: endodontic treatment for the primary and young permanent dentition”. In: Cohen S, Burns RC, eds. Pathways of the Pulp. St. Louis: Mosby (2002): 797-844.
  31. Holland R., et al. “Reaction of dogs’ teeth to root canal filling with minral trioxide aggregate or a glass ionomer sealer”. Journal of Endodontics 25 (1999): 728-730.
  32. Camilleri J., et al. “The constitution of mineral trioxide aggregate”. Dental Materials 21 (2005): 297-303.
  33. Torabinejad M., et al. “Sealing ability of a mineral trioxide aggregate when used as a root end filling material”. Journal of Endodontics 19 (1993): 591-595.
  34. Aeinehchi M., et al. “Randomized controlled trial of mineral trioxide aggregate and formocresol for pulpotomy in primary molar teeth”. International Endodontic Journal 40 (2007): 261-267.
  35. Vishwanath V and Rao HM. “Gutta-percha in endodontics- A comprehensive review of material science”. JCD3 (2019): 216.
  36. Ansari G and Mirkarimi M. “Gutta percha root filling in 2 ed primary molar teeth with missing successor: a challenging approach”. Research Journal of Medical Sciences 2 (2008): 251-254.

Citation

Citation: Zainab F Nagani., et al. “Endodontic Treatment of Infected Lower Primary Second Molar with Agenesis of Permanent Second Premolar-A Case Series". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 6.7 (2022): 122-127.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Zainab F Nagani., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.278

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is August 15, 2022.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US