Effect of Gutka on Periodontium
Rupma Singh* and Ankita Kulshrestha
Department of Periodontology, Rama Dental College, Kanpur, UP, India
*Corresponding Author: Rupma Singh, Department of Periodontology, Rama Dental College, Kanpur, UP, India.
Received: June 09, 2022; Published: June 10, 2022
In India, gutkha is one of the most popular smokeless tobacco being consumed by people of different socioeconomic groups, because of its less cost and easy availability. Chewing of gutka has a strong impact on oral hygiene and is also a risk factor for periodontal disease. Gutka chewing causes increased gingival recession and clinical attachment loss. The present review was conducted to assess the effect of gutka chewing on periodontal health
Keywords: Smokeless Tobacco; Gutka; Periodontium; Recession; Attachment Loss
- Jacob PS., et al. “Evaluation of interleukin-1β and 8 in gutka chewers with periodontitis among a rural Indian population”. Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science 3 (2014): 126-133.
- Sajith Vellappally., et al. “Tobacco habits and oral health status in selected Indian population”. Central European Journal of Public Health 16.2 (2008): 77-84.
- Verma SK., et al. “Effect of gutkha chewing on periodontal health and oral hygiene of peoples in Delhi NCR region of North India: A cross-sectional multicentered study”. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care 2 (2019): 564-567.
- Bhawna G. “Burden of smoked and smokeless tobacco consumption in India-Results from the Global adult Tobacco Survey India (GATS-India)-2009-2010”. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 14 (2013): 3323-3329.
- Arun MS., et al. “Effect of chewing gutkha on oral hygiene, gingival and periodontal status”. Indian Journal of Oral Health and Research 3 (2012): 26-31.
- Shah RS and Cole JW. “Smoking and stroke: the more you smoke the more you stroke”. Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy 7 (2010): 917-32.
- Chaffee BW., et al. “The tobacco-using periodontal patient: role of the dental practitioner in tobacco cessation and periodontal disease management”. Periodontology 2000. 71.1 (2016): 52-64.
- Grossi SG., et al. “Assessment of risk for periodontal disease. I. Risk indicators for attachment loss”. Journal of Periodontology 65 (1994): 260-267.
- Noh MK., et al. “Assessment of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α levels in the gingival tissue of patients with periodontitis”. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 3 (2013): 847-851.
- Joshi U., et al. “A study on prevalence of chewing form of tobacco and existing quitting patterns in urban population of jamnagar, Gujarat”. Indian Journal of Community Medicine 35 (2010): 105–108.
- Shaik F and Maddu N. “Smokeless tobacco products profile and pictorial warning labels in India: A review”. Population Medicine 1 (2019): 1-6.
- Stepanov I., et al. “New and traditional smokeless tobacco: Comparison of toxicant and carcinogen levels”. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 10 (2008): 1773-1782.
- Kinane D., et al. “Periodontal diseases”. Nature Reviews Disease Primers 3 (2017): 17038.
- Arigbede AO., et al. “Periodontitis and systemic diseases: A literature review”. Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology4 (2021): 487-491.
- Chang CH., et al. “Cigarette Smoking Aggravates the Activity of Periodontal Disease by Disrupting Redox Homeostasis- An Observational Study”. Scientific Reports 8 (2018): 11055.
- Jiang Y., et al. “The Impact of Smoking on Subgingival Microflora: From Periodontal Health to Disease”. Frontiers in Microbiology 11 (2020): 66.
- Al Kawas S., et al. “The impact of smoking different tobacco types on the subgingival microbiome and periodontal health: a pilot study”. Scientific Reports 11 (2021): 1113.
- Fábio RM Leite., et al. “Impact of Smoking Cessation on Periodontitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Prospective Longitudinal Observational and Interventional Studies”. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 12 (2019): 1600-1608.
- Takashi Hanioka., et al. “Smoking and periodontal microorganisms”. Japanese Dental Science Review1 (2019): 88-94.
- Mittal S., et al. “Effect of Smoking and Tobacco Chewing on Periodontal Disease and Non-Surgical Treatment Outcome: A Clinical and Biochemical Study”. Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology1 (2018): 12-18.
- Mukherjee K and Hadaye RS. “Gutkha its determinants among secondary school male students”. Indian Journal of Community Medicine 31 (2006): 177.
- Vikneshan M., et al. “Smokeless tobacco and its adverse effects on oral cavity- An overview”. Annals of Dental Specialty 2 (2014): 64-69.
- Chang YC., et al. “Adverse effects of arecoline and nicotine on human periodontal ligament fibroblasts in vitro”. Journal of Clinical Periodontology 3 (2000): 277-282.