Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 7

The Effect of Congenital Cytomegalovirus on Tooth Development and Mineralization

Fatale Alisa1, Leibovitz Haviv Shirley2 and Zilberman Uri3*

1Chief resident, Pediatric Dental Clinic, Barzilai Medical University Center, Ashkelon, Affiliated to Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel
2Instructor, Pediatric Dental Clinic, Barzilai Medical University Center, Ashkelon, Affiliated to Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel
3Head of the Pediatric Dental Clinic, Pediatric Dental Clinic, Barzilai Medical University Center, Ashkelon, Affiliated to Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel

*Corresponding Author: Zilberman Uri, Head of the Pediatric Dental Clinic, Pediatric Dental Clinic, Barzilai Medical University Center, Ashkelon, Affiliated to Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Received: May 17, 2022; Published: June 09, 2022

Abstract

Objectives: To analyze dental development and mineralization of teeth from girls affected by congenital CMV.

Materials and Methods: Deciduous and permanent dentitions of three girls with congenital CMV infection were analyzed. X-rays and plaster impressions were taken during routine dental treatment. MD dimensions of the deciduous and permanent teeth were performed using a digital caliper and compared to teeth size of normal girls. On deciduous teeth of one girl, the relative content of elements in enamel and dentin were analyzed and compared to normal girls.

Results: The MD dimensions of the deciduous teeth and the early developing permanent teeth showed true microdontia (mean-2SD). The relative concentration of elements in both enamel and dentin showed hypomineralization and increased organic ions concentration.

Conclusions: Congenital CMV affect the development and mineralization of deciduous and permanent teeth. The teeth showed true microdontia and hypomineralization.

Clinical Relevance: True microdontia as observed in deciduous and early erupting permanent teeth in girls affected by congenital CMV, is due to smaller tooth germ. Clinical and orthodontic evaluation and treatment are necessary in order to obtain a normal occlusion. The hypomineralization may pose a higher carious risk for the children affected by congenital CMV.

Keywords: Cytomegalovirus (CMV); Microdontia; Hypomineralization; Tooth Germ

References

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Citation

Citation: Zilberman Uri., et al. “The Effect of Congenital Cytomegalovirus on Tooth Development and Mineralization". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 6.7 (2022): 07-14.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Zilberman Uri., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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Acceptance rate30%
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Impact Factor1.278

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