Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ASDS)(ISSN: 2581-4893)

Review Article Volume 6 Issue 5

3D Printing in Dentistry

Deepankar Bhatnagar1*, Rupinder Matharoo2, Rheia Baijal3, Naman Mittal4 and Jubin Babu4

1Professor HOD Department of Orthodontics, Maharishi Markandeshwar College of Dental Sciences and Research, India
2Private Practice, Ludhiana
3Lecturer, Maharishi Markandeshwar College of Dental Sciences and Research Ambala, Haryana, India
4PG Resident, Maharishi Markandeshwar College of Dental Sciences and Research Ambala, Haryana, India

*Corresponding Author: Deepankar Bhatnagar, Professor HOD Department of Orthodontics, Maharishi Markandeshwar College of Dental Sciences and Research, India.

Received: March 14, 2022; Published: April 07, 2022


3D printing otherwise known as additive manufacturing, rapid prototyping or layered manufacturing is a relatively new, quickly growing and rapidly expanding method of manufacturing that has got numerous applications in healthcare and also in many other fields. Recently, it has become a subject of great interest in planning surgeries. Additive manufacturing method involves the production of a 3D model by laying down or adding successive layers of material. 3D printers are equipment that produces 3D models using CAD technology or 3D scanners. It has received more importance with the advancement in 3D imaging and modelling technologies such as CBCT, intraoral scanning and CAD/CAM in dentistry. Different techniques are employed in 3D printing namely stereolithography, photopolymer jetting, power binder printers, direct light processing, selective laser sintering, fused deposition modelling, electron beam melting, etc. Dental laboratories are able to produce 3D printed restorations, crowns, bridges, orthodontic appliances, surgical guides and implants quickly with higher precision and accuracy. This is done by methods that combine oral scanning, CAD/ CAM designing and 3D printing. The rate of success of 3D printing has improved the quality and accuracy of dental treatment. With the application of 3D printing, it has become possible to replicate the desired complex geometry which was not feasible with conventional techniques. Thus 3D printing has led to a transformation in digital dentistry with its extensive learning and penetrating opportunities and a wide range of applications. The aim of this article was to review the techniques and current applications of 3D printing in dentistry.

Keywords: 3d Printing; Intraoral Scanning; CAD/CAM; CBCT


  1. What is 3D Printing? (2015).
  2. 3D Printing
  3. Shahnaz Mahamood., et al. “Applications of 3-D Printing in Orthodontics: A Review”.
  4. Liu Q., et al. “Rapid prototyping in dentistry: technology and application”. International Journal of Advance Manufacturing Technology 29 (2006): 317-335.
  5. A Dawood., et al. “3D printing in dentistry”. British Dental Journal 219 (2015): 521-529.
  6. Gunpreet Oberoi., et al. “3D Printing- Encompassing the facets of Dentistry”. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology 6 (2018): 172.
  7. Cristine 2., et al. “Digital Dentistry- 3D Printing applications”. Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine10 (2017): 50-53.
  9. Tarika MA Kohli. “3D Printing in Dentistry- An overview”. ACTA Scientific Dental Sciences6 (2019).
  10. James Bonham and Arlen. “Hurt review innovations in 3D- Printing Technologies
  11. 3D Printer and 3D Printing News (2015).
  12. Abarna Jawahar and G Maragathavalli. “Applications of 3D Printing in dentistry- A Review”. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research 5 (2019): 1670-1675.
  13. Gunpreet Oberoi., et al. “3D Printing- Facets of Dentistry”. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology 6 (2018): 172
  14. Zinelis S., et al. “Comparative assessment of the roughness, hardness and wear resistance of aesthetic bracket materials”. Dental Materials 21 (2005): 890-894.
  15. Dobrin RJ., et al. “Load- deformation characteristics of polycarbonate orthodontic brackets”. American Journal of Orthodontics 67 (1957): 24-33.
  17. Working of Polyjet 3D Printers.
  18. Danial Khorsandi., et al. “FDM and SLA 3D Bioprinting in Dental Science”.
  19. Pati Dol Ava Teerdha., et al. “3D Bioprinting- A Review on current application and future prospects in dentistry”. Journal of International Dental and Medical Research3 (2019): 1202-1210.
  20. 3D Printing Technology comparison: FDM vs SLA vs SLS.
  21. Fleming PS., et al. “Orthodontic measurements on digital study models compared with plaster models: A systematic review”. Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research 14 (2011): 1-16.
  22. Hirogaki Y., et al. “Complete 3-D reconstruction of dental cast shape using perceptual grouping”. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 20 (2001): 1093-1101.
  23. Kuroda T., et al. “Three-dimensional dental cast analyzing system using laser scanning”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 110 (1996): 365-369.
  24. Santoro M., et al. “Comparison of measurements made on digital and plaster models”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 124 (2003): 101-105.
  25. Christian Groth Neal D., et al. “Incorporating three- dimensional Printing in Orthodontics”. Journal of Clinical Orthodontics 1 (2018): 28-33.
  26. Romeo A., et al. “Holograms in orthodontics: A Universal system for the production, development and illumination of holograms for storage and analysis of dental casts”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 108 (1995): 443-447.
  27. Indirect Bonding Trays for orthodontic Bracket Placement with formlabs SLA 3D Printers.
  28. Applications of 3D printing in dentistry.
  29. Emilia Taneva., et al. “3D Scanning, Imaging and Printing in orthodontics (2015).
  30. Papaspyridakos P and Lal K. "Complete arch implant rehabilitation using substractive rapid prototyping and porcelain fused to zirconia prosthesis: A clinical report”. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry3 (2008): 165-172.
  31. Mostafa Omran Hussein and Lamis Ahmed Hussein. “Novel 3D Modeling Technique of RPD framework manufactured by 3D Printing Technology”. International Journal of Advanced Research9 (2014): 686-694.
  32. Normando D. “3D orthodontics from Verne to Shaw”. Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics 19 (2014).
  33. Christian Groth., et al. “Three Dimentional Printing Technology”. Journal of Clinical Orthodontics: JCO 8 (2014): 475-485.
  34. Gianluca M Tartaglia., et al. “Direct 3D Printing of Clear Orthodontic Aligners: Current State and Future Possibilities”. Materials (Basel) 7 (2021): 1799.
  35. Chen SS., et al. “Systemic review of self-ligating brackets”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 137 (2010): 726.
  36. Kesling HD. “Coordinating the predetermined pattern and tooth positioned with conventional treatment”. American Journal of Orthodontics and Oral Surgery 32 (1946): 285-293.
  37. Yasaman Etemad- Shahidi., et al. “Accuracy of 3 Dimensionally Printed Full Arch Dental Models: A Systemic Review”. Journal of Clinical Medicine10 (2020): 3357.
  38. Yueyi Tian., et al. “A Review of 3D printing in Dentistry: Technologies, Affecting Factors and Applications”. Scanning 2021 (2021): 9950131.
  39. 3D Printing in dentistry: Future- proof technology?
  40. Alina I Moshkova. “3D Print Opportunitiesin Dentistry- History, Present, Future”. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology4s (2020): 2667-2681.


Citation: Deepankar Bhatnagar., et al. “3D Printing in Dentistry". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 6.5 (2022): 31-37.


Copyright: © 2022 Deepankar Bhatnagar., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.278

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 10, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US