Varsha Kanjani1*, Deepak Kanjani2, Venkata Sai Teja Mungara3, Amba Shree Bharadwaj4, Chitra, Chandrashekhar Maggidwar5
1Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Vyas Dental College and Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2Medical Officer, Fidusar Government Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
3Department of Prosthodontics, Crown and Bridge Including Implantology, C.K.S Teja Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
4Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal, India
5Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Nanded Rural Dental College and Research Center, Nanded, India
*Corresponding Author: Varsha Kanjani, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Vyas Dental College and Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.
Received: December 02, 2021; Published: January 21, 2022
Objectives: Sleep is a biological phenomenon, greatly affecting psychological and physical health of an individual. The mechanism behind the association between chronic periodontitis and deprived sleep is still not clear. Deprived or disturbed sleep has said to be associated with increased levels of inflammatory markers, thereby leading to development of chronic periodontal diseases. The present study was conducted to evaluate the association of chronic periodontitis with quality and duration of sleep in North Indian population.
Materials and Methods: The present case control study involving total of 340 individuals, taken into cases (individuals with chronic periodontitis) and controls (individuals without chronic periodontitis. The diagnosis was based on the Center of Disease Control and Prevention, described by Eka., et al. (2012). A structured performa was included containing demographic data and to determine the quality and duration of sleep, a validated Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was assessed. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 21.0.
Results: On clinical examination, mean pocket depth and clinical attachment level in individuals with periodontitis were 4.09 ± 0.48 mm and 5.15 ± 0.94 mm respectively. The present study stated poor quality of sleep-in individuals with periodontitis with 69.41 % and the individuals with more than 7 hours of sleep were at more risk in developing periodontitis.
Conclusion: The poor sleep quality and longer sleep duration is significantly associated with chronic periodontitis. Age is another significant variable while other factors such as gender, educational qualification and socioeconomic status was insignificant.
Keywords: Chronic Periodontitis; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; Sleep Duration; Sleep Quality
Citation: Varsha Kanjani., et al. “Evaluating the Association of Chronic Periodontitis with Quality and Duration of Sleep in North Indian Population Using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index – A Case Control Study”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 6.2 (2022): 82-87.
Copyright: © 2022 K Varsha Kanjani., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.