Prevalence of Impacted Canine Among Adult Orthodontic Patients: A Retrospective Study
Ismail Ibrahim Alhabeebi1*, Manal Yehia Foda2, Eman Mohie El-Din El-Sayed3 and Mustafa Mohamed El Dawlatly3
1MSc Student of Orthodontics, Division of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
2Professor of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
3Associate Professor of Orthodontics Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
44Lecturer of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
*Corresponding Author: Ismail Alhabeebi, MSc Student of Orthodontics, Division of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
Received: November 15, 2021; Published: December 13, 2021
Aim: The current research was to estimate the prevalence of impacted canines among the Egyptian population; the following parameters were included as sex, age, number, position, laterality and associated pathology with impacted Canine.
What is the prevalence of impacted Canine among orthodontic clinics in the Egyptian population? Additionally, to correlates between peg-shaped lateral teeth and missing the second premolar in different levels of each quadrant.
Methodology: Panoramic radiographs were recruited from the orthodontic department clinics in multiple universities in Egypt (Cairo, Ain shams, Alexandria, and Al-Azhar University). Complete orthodontic records, including radiographs, of 3560 patients who sought malocclusion treatment between April 2020 and September 2020 were retrieved for this study; after filtration of these panoramic radiographs, 184 radiographs were included in the study that fulfilled the lasted criteria.
Results: After filtration of these panoramic radiographs, 184 panoramic were included in this study; at least one impacted canine teeth were noted in 5.28% of patients. Most common impacted canine teeth in the maxilla (84.4%) and the mandibular (15.5%). In gender, males (35.1%), while females (64.9%). The comparison revealed an insignificant difference between percentages with the same superscript letters (right and left side maxillary canine - right and left side mandibular Canine).
A weak correlation was found between impacted canine and missed wisdom, missed the second premolar, and peg-shaped lateral incisor.
Conclusions: The Prevalence of impacted canine teeth among orthodontic clinics in the Egyptian population in this study is 5.28%, and there is a significant, weak correlation with peg-shaped lateral incisor teeth, missing second premolar and missing wisdom teeth.
Keywords: Radiographs; Occlusion; Eruption
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