Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ISSN: 2581-4893)

Review ArticleVolume 5 Issue 6

Is Bone Density a Success Criteria in Dental Implants

Urmi Agrawal1*, Md Jalaluddin2, Doyel Roy3 and Riddhi Awasthi1

1Post Graduate Trainee, Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, India
2Professor, Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, India
3Post Graduate Trainee, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, India

*Corresponding Author: Urmi Agrawal, Post Graduate Trainee, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Received: April 23, 2021; Published: : May 26, 2021

Citation: Urmi Agrawal., et al. “Is Bone Density a Success Criteria in Dental Implants”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 5.6 (2021): 146-150.


  In modern era, implant dentistry has become a choice of treatment for restoring the missing teeth. For a successful outcome the treatment procedure requires a series of patient-related and procedure-dependent parameters. The volume of bone available and bone quality plays a vital role in planning the surgical procedure, the type of implant, and in the success of the implant. Osseointegration is predicted by implant stability, which occurs in two levels i.e. primary and secondary stability. Primary stability is associated with the mechanical interlocking of an implant with the surrounding bone, which is affected by bone quality and quantity, surgical technique and implant type (length, width, surface texture). Secondary stability is the biological stability through bone regeneration and remodeling, which is affected by primary stability. Factors affecting the primary stability of implants can be classified into patient related (bone quality and quantity) and non patient related factors (implant design and surgical procedure. It has been found that in successfully osseointegrated implants despite of the surgical approaches (submerged or nonsubmerged) the initial bone loss usually starts at the crestal level. This review presents correlation and calculations of bone mineral density (BMD) or the marginal bone loss from gray value with assessments of bone quality and implant stability.

Keywords: Dental Implants; Bone Density; Primary Stability; Crestal Bone Loss; Primary Stability; Insertion Torque; CBCT

Copyright: © 2021 Urmi Agrawal., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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