Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 12

Black Stains in Children and its Correlation to Dental Caries

Ibrahim H El-Kalla1 and Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan2*<

1Professor of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University and Badr University in Cairo (BUC), Egypt
2Associate Professor, Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University and Badr University in Cairo (BUC), Egypt

*Corresponding Author: Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Associate Professor, Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University and Badr University in Cairo (BUC), Egypt.

Received: September 21, 2020; Published: December 09, 2020



Aim: This study assessed the prevalence of black stain on teeth of Egyptian school-children and determine the possible correlation with dental caries.

Method: Six primary schools were included. About 1615 children of 4 - 12 years were clinically examined for the presence of black stain (BS) and recorded according to Koch criteria. DMFT and dft were assessed in children using WHO criteria. Data were statistically analyzed using student t test and spearman correlation test.

Results: The prevalence of black stain was 8.4%. No correlation was observed between the presence of black stains and age and gender of children. Also, no correlation was found between black stain and dental caries, frequency of teeth brushing and iron supplementation.

Conclusion: The prevalence of BS in Egyptian school-children was 8.4%. No association was found between black stain and dental caries, children age and gender. Oral hygiene and iron supplementation may not have a role in promoting BS formation.

Keywords: Black Stain; Children; Caries; Iron; Age; Gender



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Citation: Ibrahim H El-Kalla and Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan. “Black Stains in Children and its Correlation to Dental Caries". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 5.1 (2020): 14-19.


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