Ismail Ahmed1, Syed Ghazanfar Hassan2, Parveen Memon3, Emaan Fatima Qureshi4, Muhammad Maarij Hassaan Qureshi5, Salman Shams6* and Mahwish Memon7
1Resident Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Pakistan
2Professor, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Pakistan
3Associate Professor Oral Biology, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Pakistan
4Resident, Internal Medicine Department, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Pakistan
5House Officer, Liaquat University Hospital, Pakistan
6Senior Lecturer, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Pakistan
7Assistant Professor, Operative Dentistry Department, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Salman Shams, Senior Lecturer, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Pakistan.
Received: July 17, 2020; Published: August 17, 2020
Objective: To determine the efficacy of platelet rich plasma on bone healing of alveolar socket and alveolar osteitis prevention following surgical extraction of teeth compared to normal healing.
Setting: This Comparative cross sectional study was conducted at Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery LUMHS Jamshoro from June 2018 to December 2019.
Methodology: A complete history of the patient with personal details, presenting complains, past medical and dental history, health status was noted. After examination the clinical findings were recorded along with history of any habits that can interfere with healing so as to control the confounding factors. Presence or absence of alveolar osteitis was noted and bone healing was assessed radiographicaly.
Results: Total 96 patients were studied. 48 of platelet rich plasma group (PRP) and 48 of platelet sans rich plasma group (control). Mean age of PRP group was 34.81 ± 9.09 years and control 32.70 ± 9.54 years. There was no significant difference among both groups according to age, p-value 0.638. Patient’s distribution according to criteria for dry socket, on 3rd, 7th and 14th day assessment post-operative pain, partially or totally disintegrated blood clot, denuded socket and pus in the socket were significantly lower among patients of PRP group as compared to control group. On patient’s distribution according to mean radiographic score for assessment of bone healing on 3rd week most of the cases were with (+1 Lamina dura substantially thinned, missing in some areas) in both groups and 2nd month assessment most of the patients with (0 Within normal limits) in both groups, result were statistically non-significant on 2nd month and 4th month p-values 0.344 and 0.959 respectively.
Conclusion: Platelet rich plasma showed better outcomes of alveolar socket healing and encountered decrease occurrence of dry socket as compare to control group.
Keywords: Platelet Rich Plasma; Surgical Extraction; Bone Healing; Alveolar Osteitis
Citation: Salman Shams., et al. “Effect of Platelet Rich Plasma on Alveolar Osteitis and Bone Healing Following Surgical Extraction of Teeth”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 4.9 (2020): 43-49.
Copyright: © 2020 Salman Shams., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.