Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 8

Comparing the Anxiety Level between Myofascial Pain Dysfunction Syndrome Patients and Others

Sara Pourshahidi1, Hooman Ebrahimi2* and Zahra Pourabdollah3

1Associate Professor, Oral Medicine Department, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Assistant Professor, Oral Medicine Department, Dental Faculty, Azad University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Dentist, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

*Corresponding Author: Hooman Ebrahimi, Assistant Professor, Oral Medicine Department, Dental Faculty, Azad University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Received: June 15, 2020; Published: July 23, 2020

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Abstract

 Myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome (MPDS) is the most common temporomandibular disorder and a psychophysiologic disease that primarily involves the muscles of mastication and can cause pain, mouth opening limitation, mandibular deviation during mouth opening and closing and tenderness of one or more masticatory muscles or tendons. Among various ideas about the etiologic factors of MPDS, two main reasons are occlusal disorders and mental health problem. More researches recently, focus on mental health problem as the main and initial factor of MPDS. Anxiety is one of the most fundamental psychological problem that exists in almost all societies, it increases muscle’s tonisity and thus leads to pain. Considering the high prevalence of anxiety in patients suffering from this syndrome, this study is to investigate anxiety intensity in these patients and compare that with two control groups. The first control group were 30 patients who referred to dental school because of any problems except MPDS, and the second one included 30 Shiraz citizens. All three groups were informed about the procedure of the study and then completed Spielberger Anxiety Intensity Questionnaire, that had been validated before. Then a psychologist checked and graded the questionnaires. Using spss v.15 we analyzed the data with ANCOVA and Chi-Square tests. This study demonstrated that the MPDS patients had more anxiety than the common people of the society. The significant point in our study was the comparison of anxiety level in MPDS patients with the other patients that referred to dental school with a reason other than MPDS which revealed no significant statistically difference. According to this result, we can say that the high anxiety level in MPDS patients may be not related to the disease and can be due to the situation they share with others who refer to dental school, so the anxiety may be the result of their disease and not the cause.

Keywords: Myofascial Pain Dysfunction Syndrome (MPDS); ANCOVA; Temporomandibular Disorder

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Citation

Citation: Hooman Ebrahimi., et al. “Comparing the Anxiety Level between Myofascial Pain Dysfunction Syndrome Patients and Others". Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 4.8 (2020): 74-78.




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