Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ISSN: 2581-4893)

Literature Review Volume 4 Issue 4

Vibrational Loading Applications in Dentistry A Literature Review

Sachin Chaware*, Chetan Kakade, Smpdf/ASDSand Siddesh Borse

Department of Prosthodontics, MGV KBH Dental College and Hospital, India

*Corresponding Author: Sachin Chaware, Department of Prosthodontics, MGV KBH Dental College and Hospital, India.

Received: February 27, 2020; Published: March 14, 2020



  Vibration loading has extensively studied as a non-invasive method bone stimulation in the various aspect of bony pathology and the most significant application is the vibrational loading on the fracture callus. Vibrational stimulation increases the osteogenic gene expression and increases the number of osteoblast. In Dentistry vibrational loading mainly used for the orthodontic tooth movement and implant Osseo integration the proposed vibrator device produces rapid tooth movements and there are few animal studies reported the stimulation of osteoblast cell at implant surface and promote significant osseointegration. The purpose of the literature review is to provide summery of various studies of bone stimulation, orthodontic tooth movements and implant Osseo-integration by vibrational loading.

Keywords: Vibrational Loading; Bone Stimulation; Osseo Integration; Orthodontic Tooth Movements



  1. Nagraja MP and Hanjoong Jo. “The role of mechanical stimulation in recovery of bone loss- High versus low magnitude and frequency of force”. Life (2015): 117-130.
  2. Victoria G., et al. “Bone stimulation for fracture healing: whats all the fuss?”. Indian Journal of Orthopaedics 43.2 (2009): 117-120.
  3. Thompson WR., et al. “Vibration therapy: Clinical application in bone”. Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes 21.6 (2014): 447-453.
  4. Elmotaleb MAA., et al. “Vibrating device in Accelerating orthodontic tooth movements. A systemeatic review and Meta-analysis”. Journal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry 9.1 (2019): 5-12.
  5. Shibamoto A., et al. “Effect of high-frquencyloading parathyroid administrationon peri-implant bone healing and osseointegration”. International Journal Oral Science 10.6 (2018): 1-7.
  6. Turner CH., et al. “Mechanical loading thresholds for lamellar and woven bone formation”. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 9.1 (2009): 87-97.
  7. TJandrawinata RR., et al. “Vibrational force alters mRNA expression in osteoblast”. FASEB 11.6 (1997): 493-497.
  8. Rosenberg N., et al. “Experimental model for stimulation of cultured human osteoblast-lioke cells by high frequency vibration”. Cytotechnology 39.3 (2002): 125-130.
  9. Tanaka SM., et al. “Effects of broad frequency vibration on cultured osteoblasts”. Journal of Biomechanics 36.1 (2003): 73-80.
  10. Attard NJ and Zarb GA. “Immediate and early implant loading protocols: A literature review of clinical studies”. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 94.3 (2005): 242-258.
  11. Bacabac RG., et al. “Bone cell response to high-frequency vibration stress: does the nucleus oscillate within the cytoplasm”. (2006).
  12. Patel M., et al. “Low Magnitude and High Frequency Mechanical Loading Prevents Decreased Bone Formation Responses of 2T3 Pre-osteoblasts”. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 106 (2009): 306-316.  
  13. Dumas V., et al. “Extracellular matrix produced by osteoblasts cultured under low-magnitude, high-frequency stimulation is favourable to osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells”. Calcified Tissue International 87 (2010): 351-364.
  14. Lau E., et al. “Effect of low-magnitude, high-frequency vibration on osteocytes in the regulation of osteoclast”. Bone 46.6 (2010): 1508-1515.
  15. Hou WW., et al. “Involvement of Wnt activation in the micromechanical vibration-enhanced osteogenic response of osteoblasts”. Journal of Orthopaedic Science 16 (2011): 598-605.
  16. Miles Peter Smith., et al. “The effects of a vibrational appliance on tooth movement and patient discomfort: A prospective randomised clinical trial”. Australian Orthodontic Journal 28.2 (2012): 213-218.
  17. Uzer G., et al. “Separating fluid shear stress from acceleration during vibration In vitro: identification of mechanical signals modulating the cellular response”. Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering 5 (2012): 266-276.
  18. Uzer G., et al. “Vibration induced osteogenic commitment of mesenchymal stem cells is enhanced by cytoskeletal remodeling but not fluid shear”. Journal of Biomechanics 46 (2013): 2296-2302.
  19. Ogawa T., et al. “Stimulation of titanium implant osseointegration through high-frequency vibration loading is enhanced when applied at high acceleration”. Calcified Tissue International 95 (2014): 467-475.
  20. Yong-Qiang., et al. “Low-magnitude high-frequency loading, by whole-body vibration, accelerates early implant osseointegration in ovariectomized rats”. (2014). 
  21. Beck Br., et al. “Vibration therapy to prevent bone loss and falls: mechanisms and efficacy”. Current Osteoporosis Reports 13 (2015): 381-389.
  22. Ota T., et al. “Vibrational stimulation induces osteoblast differentiation and the up regulation of osteogenic gene expression In vitro”. Cytotechnology 68 (2016): 2287.


Citation: Sachin Chaware., et al. “Vibrational Loading Applications in Dentistry A Literature Review”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 4.4 (2020): 50-54.


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