Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 3

A Multi-Ethnic Study to Determine the Prevalence of Bony Exostoses Among Residents in Abuja, North Central Nigeria

Seidu A Bello1,2*, Nathan U Ikimi2, Olayinka Falola1 and Adeoye John Ademola1

1Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, State House Clinic, ASO Rock, Abuja Nigeria, West Africa
2Cleft and Facial Deformity Foundation (CFDF), Gwarinpa Abuja, Nigeria, West Africa

*Corresponding Author: Seidu A Bello, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, State House Clinic, ASO Rock and Cleft and Facial Deformity Foundation (CFDF), Gwarinpa Abuja, Nigeria, West Africa.

Received: February 04, 2020; Published: February 26, 2020

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Abstract

 ' Bony exostoses are non-pathological, asymptomatic bony outgrowths in various parts of the upper and lower jaw within the oral cavity. They are differentiated mainly into two groups: torus mandibularis when found on the mandible and torus palatinus when found on the palate; however significant as they can interfere with the retention of dental prostheses, lead to obstructive sleep apnea, limit tongue movements or be used as a source of autogenous bone graft in Implant Dentistry.

 ' This is a descriptive, cross-sectional epidemiological study carried out among 938 subjects in a multi-ethnic setting, within 12 - 90years of age, 37.58 ± 13.3 (Mean ± SD), aimed to determine the prevalence of these bony outgrowth. Ethical clearance was obtained from the medical ethics and research committee of the federal capital territory, data collection tool was a pre-tested self-administered questionnaires and analysis was done with Statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 22. Frequency distribution tables were obtained, and chi-square test and students’ t-test were used to compare differences between the various groups present. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05.

 ' A prevalence rate of 15.9% for torus palatinus and 19.3% for torus mandibularis was recorded in this study with torus palatinus being more present in females 20.5% than male 9.6% and this was statistically significant. Also, of statistically significant was torus palatinus for age-group 20 - 29 years of age and torus mandibularis in equally proportion for age- group 30-39years of age at 22.8% and 40 - 49years of age at 22.8%. There were no statistically significant relations recorded for torus palatinus or torus mandibularis with the ethnic origin of subjects present in this study.

 ' There are reported studies in Nigeria where statistically significant relationship was established between ethnicity and bony exostosis; however, no such relationship was reported in our multi-ethnic study.

Keywords: Torus Palatinus; Torus Mandibularis; North-Central Nigeria

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References

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Citation

Citation: Seidu A Bello., et al. “A Multi-Ethnic Study to Determine the Prevalence of Bony Exostoses Among Residents in Abuja, North Central Nigeria”. Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 4.3 (2020): 01-06.



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