Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 1

Incidence and Etiology of Temporomandibular Disorders (A Clinical Study)

Samreen Naz1, Tahira Shaikh2, Syed Ghazanfar Hassan3, Salman Shams4*

1Assistant Professor, Bhittai Dental and Medical College, MirpurKhas, Pakistan

2Lecturer, Oral Surgery, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Pakistan

3Department of Oral Surgery, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Pakistan

4Lecturer, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Pakistanpdf/ASDS

*Corresponding Author: Salman, Lecturer, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Pakistan.

Received: December 06, 2019; Published: December 31, 2019



Objective: his study aimed to investigate the incidence and etiology of temporomandibular disorders (TMD).

Setting and Duration: Study was conducted from January 2014 to September 2014 at Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences.

Methods: Specifically designed questionnaire proforma was used to collect information about the symptoms and etiology of TMD. The data was statistically analyzed using SPSS Version 17.0.

Results: The results of present study showed a total number of patients 300 were included in this study. There were 156(52%) females and 144(48%) males. Incidence of TMD was 34%.The most frequently reported TMD symptom was pain in joint(30%) followed by clicking(28%) muscle pain (22%) and the least common was restricted mouth opening (8%). Incidence of TMD was significantly high in female than male. Rate of TMD was high in 21 to 30 and 31to 40 years of age. Pain in joint, clicking and muscle pain was significantly high in females than males. The etiology of TMD is multifactorial.

Conclusion: Taken together the result of this study implies that, the frequency of TMD was widespread in our population. Females were more suffered from TMD than males. The incidence of TMD is high in age of 21-40 years in our population. Pain was the most frequently reported symptom followed by clicking, muscle pain and least common was restricted mouth opening. The etiology of TMD is acceptable that it is multifactorial (e.g. trauma malocclusion, parafunctional habits),still not completely clarified.

Keywords: Temporomandibular Disorders; Patients; Incidence; Etiology



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Citation: Salman Shams., et al. “Incidence and Etiology of Temporomandibular Disorders (A Clinical Study)".Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 4.1 (2020): 117-123.


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