Acta Scientific Dental Sciences (ISSN: 2581-4893)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 1

ICON in Minimally Invasive Dentistry

Chandan Bagde

International Medical College University Duisburg-Essen

*Corresponding Author: Chandan Bagde, International Medical College University Duisburg-Essen.

Received: November 20, 2019; Published: December 23, 2019



Objective: The thesis objective is to evaluate ICON as a restorative material to treat white spot lesions, incipient carious lesions or primary carious lesions.

Material and Methods: To understand the efficiency of ICON in minimally invasive dentistry took help of NCBI PUBMED. The search terms were mainly primary carious lesions, incipient carious lesions, white spot lesions and resin infiltration. Total of 2732 articles found. After de duplication the shortlisted articles were 44. Apart from the NCBI source the DMG website for ICON was taken as reference and an article published in BMJ regarding aesthetic longevity of treated WSL was taken into consideration.

Results: After application of ICON there was good penetration of resin and that increased micro hardness and toughness of the tooth. WSL could be improved aesthetically. Preventing secondary decay with 2 - 3 application of ICON was tested.

Conclusion: Resin infiltration can be used to arrest progression of decay and along with the other adjunctive measures like ‘Fluoridation’ for prevention of decay. It's also very effective in masking white spot lesions if applied up to 2 - 3 applications.

Keywords: Resin Infiltration; White Spot Lesions; Secondary Decay; Caries and Aesthetics



  1. Cazzolla Angela Pia., et al. “Efficacy of FourYear Treatment of Icon Infiltration Resin on Post Orthodontic White Spot Lesions”. British Medical Journal (2018): 225639.
  2. Crombie Felicity., et al. “Resin Infiltration of Developmentally Hypomineralised Enamel”. International Journal of the Pediatric Dentistry 24 (2014): 51-55.
  3. Mandhava Jyothi., et al. “Microhardness and Penetration of Artificial White Spot Lesions Treated with Resin or Colloidal Silica Infiltration”. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research4 (2017): zc142-zc146.
  4. Arthur Rodrigo Alex., et al. “Proximal carious lesions infiltration – 3 year follow up study of a randomized controlled clinical trial”. Clinical Oral Investigations 22 (2018): 469-474.
  5. Bagher Sara., et al. “Radiographic Effectiveness of Resin Infiltration in Arresting Incipient Proximal Enamel Lesions in Primary Molars”. Pediatric Dentistry 3 (2018):195-200.
  6. Urquhart O., et al. “Non Restorative Treatments For Caries: Systemic Review And Network Meta-Analysis”. Journal of Dental Research1 (2019): 14-26.
  7. Inagaki Luciana Tiemi., et al. “Effect of Monomer Blend and Chlorhexidine Adding on Physical, Mechanical and Biological Properties of Experimental Infiltrants”. The a academy of dental materials published by Elsevier Ltd 32 (2016): e307-e313.
  8. Arslan Solely., et al. “Effect of resin infiltration on enamel surface properties and Streptococcus mutans adhesion to artificial enamel lesions”. Dental materials Journal1 (2015): 25-30.
  9. Azam Bakhshandesh and Kim Ekstrand. “Infiltration and sealing versus fluoride treatment of occlusal caries lesions in primary molar teeth. 2-3 years results”. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 25 (2015): 43-50.
  10. Borges AB., et al. “Is resin infiltration an effective Esthetic treatment for enamel development defects and white spot lesions? A systematic review”. Journal of Dentistry 56 (2017): 11-18.
  11. Chatzimarkou Sofia., et al. “The Effect of Resin Infiltration on Proximal Caries Lessons in Primary and Permanent Teeth. A Systematic Review and Meta Analysis of Clinical Trial”. Journal of Dentistry 77 (2018): 8-17.
  12. Gőlz Lina., et al. “In Vitro Biocompatibility of Icon and Tegdma on Human Dental Pulp Cells”. The Academy of Dental Materials Published by Elsevier Ltd 32 (2016): 1052-1064.
  13. Lueckel H Meyer., et al. “Pragmatic Rct on the Efficacy of Proximal Caries Infiltration”. Journal of Dental Research5 (2016): 531-536.
  14. Martignon S., et al. “Infiltrating/Sealing Proximal Caries Lesions: A 3 Years Randomised Clinical Trial”. Journal of Dental Research 3 (2011) 288-292.
  15. Ozgul Memis., et al. “Microcmputed Topographic Analysis of Progression of Artificial Enamel Lesions in Primary and Permanent Teeth After Resin Infiltration”. Journal of Oral Science3 (2015): 177-183.
  16. Paris S., et al. “Comparison of Sealant and Infiltrant Penetration into Pit and Fissure Caries Lesions In Vitro”. Journal of Dentistry 42 (2014): 432-438.
  17. Subramanium Priya., et al. “Evaluation of Penetration Depth of A Commercially Available Resin Infiltrate in to Artificially Created Enamel Lesions: An in Vitro Study”. Journal of Conservative Dentistry2 (2014): 146-149.
  18. Torres Carlos Rocha Gomes., et al. “Effect of Caries Infiltration Technique and Fluoride Therapy on the Colour Making of White Spot Lesions”. Journal of Dentistry 39 (2011): 202-207.
  19. Yuon He Li., et al. “Esthetic Comparison of White Spot Lesions Treatment Modalities Using Spectrometry and Fluoroscence”. Angle Orthodontist 84 (2013): 2.


Citation: Chandan Bagde. "ICON in Minimally Invasive Dentistry".Acta Scientific Dental Sciences 4.1 (2020): 62-70.


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