Acta Scientific Cardiovascular System

Research Article Volume 1 Issue 6

Smoking in Diabetic Patients in Kirkuk City/Iraq

Osama Hassan Othman*

Lecturer, AL-Kitab University, College of Medical Technology, Iraq

*Corresponding Author: Osama Hassan Othman, Lecturer, AL-Kitab University, College of Medical Technology, Iraq.

Received: September 29, 2022; Published: October 31, 2022

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Abstract

Introduction: Smoking is an important Vascular risk for diabetic patients as for other population. In diabetics it increases significantly the risk of vascular complications termed recently (Vasculopathy). This study’s purpose is to analyze the pattern of smoking as an amplifier for other risks in diabetics who already are very risky group of patients.

Materials and Methods: This work is a cross-sectional, descriptive study and carried out in the outpatient department of Azadi General hospital in 10 years duration between January 2009-january 2019.. The study population included 100 diabetic patients and studied their demographic data according to interview questionnaire about their smoking habit and it s adverse effects.

Results: From patients enrolled in the study, overall 32% of responders were smokers, 13% ex smokers. Cigarette smoking was the most frequent mode of tobacco smoking 93% and one third of them consumed more than 20 cigarettes per day. Water pipe (shisha) smoking was most common habit 8.6% and associated with lower age in both groups.

Discussion: Smoking got very remarkable magnitude to risk s of diabetes. Being classified recently as Vasculopathy all the very known disorders encountered are either appear early , be more severe, or very complicated and resist therapy until absolute quitting of smoking is targeted.

Keywords: Smoking; Habit; Diabetic; Kirkuk

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References

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Basics About Diabetes (2017).
  2. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Diabetes Overview (2014).
  3. S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health (2014).
  4. S. Department of Health and Human Services. A Report of the Surgeon General. How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: What It Means to You. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health (2010).
  5. S. Department of Health and Human Services. How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking-Attributable Disease. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health (2010).
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diabetes Public Health Resource: Prevent Diabetes (2012).
  7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Diabetes Public Health Resource: 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet (2011).
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Citation

Citation: Osama Hassan Othman. “Smoking in Diabetic Patients in Kirkuk City/Iraq". Acta Scientific Cardiovascular System 1.6 (2022): 32-34.



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