Katri Sandholm1 and Ruth M Löllgen1-4*
1Paediatric Emergency Department, Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
2Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
3Emergency Department, Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
4Clinical Sciences, Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, Flemington Road, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
*Corresponding Author: Ruth M Löllgen, Paediatric Emergency Department, Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital and Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Swedsen, Sweden.
Received: October 07, 2021; Published: November 25, 2021
Accelerated starvation of childhood (ASC) is a frequent, yet underrecognized condition in children presenting to the pediatric emergency department (PED). Typically, a prolonged fasting state resulting from an intercurrent illness or per-operative fasting periods causes hyperketonaemia with or without hypoglycaemia (≤3.9 mmol/L) and/or metabolic acidosis with distinctive clinical signs and symptoms including lethargy, nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, or seizures and should prompt correction of ketosis with oral, nasogastric (NG) or intravenous (IV) glucose solution. We describe a case of ASC and discuss recognition and management of this condition in the PED based on a review of the literature.
Keywords: Accelerated Starvation of Childhood; Intravenous; Childhood; Starvation Ketosis; Children; Pediatric Emergency Departmen; Blood Ketone Bodies; Glucose Substitution
Citation: Katri Sandholm and Ruth M Löllgen. “Accelerated Starvation of Childhood in the Paediatric Emergency Department". Acta Scientific Clinical Case Reports 2.12 (2021): 49-51.
Copyright: © 2021 Katri Sandholm and Ruth M Löllgen. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.