Acta Scientific ANATOMY

Research Article Volume 2 Issue 3

Determination of Skull Age using Cranial Sutures

Nwangwu Chinecherem Callistus*

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Anambra state, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Nwangwu Chinecherem Callistus, Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Anambra state, Nigeria.

Received: March 01, 2023; Published: April 11, 2022


The method of determining age by cranial suture closure has always been more generally used because the cranium is the best preserved portion of the recovered skeleton that resists putrefaction and not easily destroyed. Age estimation using cranial suture closure is of paramount importance and requires special attention in cases where bodies are found in decomposed, multilated state or only fragmentary remains are discovered. This study aims at estimating the age of the skull using endocranial suture closure in line with Ascadi-Nemeskeri scale system of aging the skull. This study was conducted on 114 human crania gotten from Nigeria higher Institutions. Ascadi-Nemeskeri scale of suture closure was used to access the age after cleaning the endocrania. Scale of endocranial suture closure from 0-4 was observed in 16 parts as done by Ascadi-Nemeskeri. The sutures studied includes: the coronal, sagittal and lambdoid sutures. Data were analysed using the statistical package of social science (SPSS) version 20. It was observed that almost complete closure of coronal suture occurs at the age range of 40 to 50 years, almost complete closure of sagittal suture occurs at the age range of 45 to 75 years and that of lambdoid suture occurs at the age range of 45 to 55 years. Cranial sutures is one of the important anatomical landmark that can be used to estimate age of an individual especially in cases where the individual's age is unknown. This work has shown a statistical link between cranial sutures and skull age (p = 0.00).

Keywords: Cranial Sutures; Age Estimation; cranium; Ascadi-Nemeskeri


  1. Brooks ST. “Skeletal age at death: Reliability of cranial and pubic age indicators”. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 13 (1955): 567-597.
  2. Priya E. “Methods of skeletal age estimation used by forensic anthropologists in adults: a review”. Forensic Research and Criminology International Journal 2 (2017): 41-51.
  3. Shetty U. “Macroscopic study of cranial suture closure at autopsy for estimation of age”. Anil Aggrawal’s Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology.
  4. Masset C. “Age estimation on the basis of cranial sutures. In: Age Markers in the Human Skeleton”. Iscan MY (1st ). Springfield, IL: CC Thomas 71-103.
  5. Meindl RS and Lovejoy CO. “Ectocranial suture closure: a revised method for the determination of skeletal age at death based on the lateral-anterior sutures”. AJPA 68 (1985): 57-66.
  6. Todd TW and Lyon DW. “Cranial suture closure, its progress and age relationship. Part 2- ectocranial closure in adult males of white stock”. American Journal of Physical Anthropology1 (1925): 23-45.
  7. Pommerol F. “Sur la synostose des os du crane”. Paris (1869): 1-118.
  8. Topinard P. “Êléments d‟anthropologie générale”. Paris (1885): 253-284
  9. Ascadi GY and Nemeskeri J. “History of Human life span and mortality”. Budapest: Akademiai Kiado (1970).


Citation: Nwangwu Chinecherem Callistus. “Determination of Skull Age using Cranial Sutures". Acta Scientific Anatomy 2.3 (2023): 17-23.


Copyright: © 2023 Nwangwu Chinecherem Callistus. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US