Acta Scientific Nutritional Health (ASNH)(ISSN: 2582-1423)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 10

Quality of Diet and Diagnosis of Nutritional and Metabolic Status in Inhabitants of a Rural Community in Mexico with High Intake of Wild and Cultivated Mushrooms

A Pérez-Herrera1,2*, YM Hernández-Santiago3, María E Meneses1,4 and D Martínez-Carrera4

1CONACYT, Avenida Insurgentes Sur 1582, Ciudad de México, Mexico
2Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN), Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigación Para El Desarrollo Integral Regional, Unidad Oaxaca, Colonia Noche Buena, Municipio de Santa Cruz Xoxocotlán, Oaxaca, México
3Universidad Regional del Sureste (URSE), Libramiento Sur no. 100, Ex Hacienda El Rosario, El Rosario, Oaxaca, México
4Colegio de Postgraduados (CP), Campus Puebla, Centro de Biotecnología de Hongos Comestibles, Funcionales y Medicinales, Boulevard Forjadores de Puebla no. 205, Puebla, Puebla, México

*Corresponding Author: A Pérez-Herrera, CONACYT-Instituto Politécnico Nacional-CIIDIR-Unit, Oaxaca, Mexico.

Received: July 29, 2020; Published: September 30, 2020

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Abstract

Objective: The prevalence of metabolic diseases in rural communities has been associated with the increase of hypercaloric diets, and the reduction in regional food consumption. The quality of diet and the frequency of mushroom consumption in inhabitants of a rural community in Mexico, as well as their nutritional and metabolic status, were investigated.

Design: Cross-sectional study in adults during July-August-2019.

Setting: It was performed in the rural community of Yuvila, Santa Catarina Ixtepeji, Oaxaca, Mexico.

Participants: 49 adult volunteers aged 18 to 72 signed an informed consent after explaining their participation in the study.

Intervention: A 24-hour reminder was applied, weight, height, percentage of total fat, waist and hip circumference, waist/hip index, blood pressure, glucose levels, triglycerides (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) were taken in capillary blood.

Results: There was a high consumption of macronutrients (> 100% adequacy: energy, proteins, carbohydrates, sugar and fats), and low consumption of vitamins and minerals (< 60% adequacy: B6, B5, B9, B12, K and Zn). We found an oscillation in the consumption of 8 wild mushrooms ranging from 4% to 96% of their intake. A combined prevalence of overweight and obesity of 79.6% was observed, 27% of the participants presented glucose levels ³ 110 mg/dl 60% with TG ³ 150 mg/dl and 30% with CT ³ 200 mg/dl.

Conclusion: There is a decrease in the consumption of local foods and an increase in the intake of carbohydrates and fats that are causing metabolic diseases in rural communities.

Keywords: Rural Community; Obesity; Mushrooms; Macronutrients; Triglycerides; Cholesterol; Glucose

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Citation

Citation: A Pérez-Herrera., et al. “Quality of Diet and Diagnosis of Nutritional and Metabolic Status in Inhabitants of a Rural Community in Mexico with High Intake of Wild and Cultivated Mushrooms".Acta Scientific Nutritional Health 4.10 (2020): 66-74.



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