Acta Scientific Clinical Case Reports

Clinical Image Volume 2 Issue 8

Myopia

Seraph Shi Kei Wu1 and Sunny Chi Lik Au2*

1LKS Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
2Department of Ophthalmology, Tung Wah Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong, China

*Corresponding Author: Sunny Chi Lik Au, Department of Ophthalmology, Lo Ka Chow Memorial Ophthalmic Centre, Tung Wah Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong, China.

Received: June 27, 2021; Published: July 17, 2021

Keywords: Myopia; Myopic Maculopathy; Staphyloma; Atropine

Affecting all ages, myopia is considered as a global epidemic [1] with particular prevalence in Asian countries [2]. Despite the vision is correctable simply by glasses or with more advanced refractive surgeries [3], myopic patients do suffer from irreversible structural changes of the eyeball, including the retina [4], macula [5] (Figure 1), choroid [6] and sclera [7] (Figure 2). These changes are the culprits for blinding myopic complications in adulthood [8] such as retinal detachment, myopic maculopathy and choroidal neovascularization.

References

  1. Flanagan J., et al. “Myopia: a growing epidemic”. Community Eye Health 105 (2019): 9.
  2. Mak CY., et al. “Epidemiology of myopia and prevention of myopia progression in children in East Asia: a review”. Hong Kong Medical Journal 6 (2018): 602-609.
  3. Farooqui JH., et al. “Current trends in surgical management of myopia”. Community Eye Health 105 (2019): S5-S6.
  4. Samarawickrama C., et al. “Myopia-related optic disc and retinal changes in adolescent children from Singapore”. Ophthalmology 10 (2011): 2050-2057.
  5. Ruiz-Medrano J., et al. “Myopic maculopathy: Current status and proposal for a new classification and grading system (ATN)”. Progress in Retinal and Eye Research 69 (2019): 80-115.
  6. Hoseini-Yazdi H., et al. “Wide-field choroidal thickness in myopes and emmetropes”. Scientific Reports1 (2019): 3474.
  7. Metlapally R and Wildsoet CF. “Scleral Mechanisms Underlying Ocular Growth and Myopia”. Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science 134 (2015): 241-248.
  8. Dhakal R., et al. “Patterns of posterior ocular complications in myopic eyes of Indian population”. Scientific Reports1 (2018): 13700.
  9. Oommen V and Kanthakumar P. “A simple model of the accommodating lens of the human eye”. Advances in Physiology Education2 (2014): 183-184.
  10. Omar IAN. “Keratoconus Screening Among Myopic Children”. Clinical Ophthalmology 13 (2019): 1909-1912.
  11. Pan CW., et al. “Myopia, axial length, and age-related cataract: the Singapore Malay eye study”. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science7 (2013): 4498-4502.
  12. Tideman JWL., et al. “Axial length growth and the risk of developing myopia in European children”. Acta Ophthalmologica3 (2018): 301-309.
  13. Huang HM., et al. “The Association between Near Work Activities and Myopia in Children-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis”. PLoS One10 (2015): e0140419.
  14. Li FF and Yam JC. “Low-Concentration Atropine Eye Drops for Myopia Progression”. The Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology 5 (2019): 360-365.

Citation

Citation: Seraph Shi Kei Wu and Sunny Chi Lik Au. “Myopia". Acta Scientific Clinical Case Reports 2.8 (2021): 48-49.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2021 Seraph Shi Kei Wu and Sunny Chi Lik Au. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.278

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