Daniyal Ahmed*, Chaudhary Waleed Tariq, Muhammad Ammar, Ammar Ahmed Butt and Imran Afzal
5th Year Medical Student, Al-Nafees Medical College and Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan.
*Corresponding Author: Daniyal Ahmed, 5th Year Medical Student, Al-Nafees Medical College and Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Received: May 27, 2021; Published: July 06, 2021
Objective: To find the prevalence of refractive errors among different age groups and in both genders.
Study Design: A descriptive cross sectional study.
Study Setting and Duration: Ophthalmology OPD patients of Al- Nafees Hospital over the period of 8 weeks from 1st May 2016 to 30th June 2016.
Methodology: A convenient sampling technique was used for 150 (N) participants. A designed questionnaire with close ended questions for the study was used. The patients that were coming to ophthalmology OPD that gave written consent were included in our study. The parameters like age and gender was filled and the data regarding refractive errors was collected while they were examined by the doctor in ophthalmology OPD. All the data was collected, filled in questionnaires and entered in SPSS version 23 by medical students. The collected data was then analyzed for frequency in terms of percentages by using SPSS version 23.
Results: A total of 150 participants were selected for our study out of which 140 participants responded, so our response rate was 93.3%, among whom 66% were males and 34% were females. With respect to refractive errors 22% were emmetropic, 43% were myopic, 5% were High Myopic (Short-Sighted patients were 48%), 12% Hyperopic, 12% Presbyopic (Far-Sighted patients were 24%), 9% were having Anisometropia and 11% were having Astigmatism.
Conclusion: As the age increases the chances to have refractive errors increases, myopia is more common than hyperopia at younger age but at old age Presbyopia is more common. Similarly, the chances to have astigmatism and anisometropia increases with the increasing age. Myopia and astigmatism was the most prevalent refractive error found especially in early adulthood. Refractive errors vary in population among genders.
Keywords: Ophthalmology; Age; Refractive Errors; Gender; Prevalence
Citation: Daniyal Ahmed., et al. “Prevalence of Refractive Errors among Different Age Groups in Patients Presented to Ophthalmology OPD, of Al-Nafees Medical College Hospital". Acta Scientific Clinical Case Reports 2.8 (2021): 02-06.
Copyright: © 2021 Daniyal Ahmed., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.