Balcha Worku and Anbessa Bekele*
Pharmacy School, Health Institute, Jimma University, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Anbessa Bekele, Pharmacy School, Health Institute, Jimma University, Ethiopia.
Received: July 27, 2020; Published: September 28, 2020
Background: Pneumonia and other lower respiratory tract infections are the leading causes of death worldwide. Because pneumonia is common and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, properly diagnosing pneumonia, correctly recognizing any complications or underlying conditions, and appropriately treating patients are important. Although in developed countries the diagnosis is usually made in the basis of radiographic findings, the World health organization (WHO) has defined pneumonia solely on the basis of clinical findings obtained by visual inspection and on timing of the respiratory rate.
Pneumonia may originate in the lung or may be a focal complication of a contagious or systemic inflammatory process. Abnormalities of airway patency as well as alveolar ventilation and perfusion occur frequently due to various mechanisms. These derangements often significantly alter gas exchange and cellular metabolism in many tissues and organs that determine survival and contribute to quality of life. Recognition, prevention and treatment of this problems are major factors in the care of children with pneumonia.
Objective: The general objective of the study is to assess the treatment outcomes and associated factors of pneumonia among hospitalized pediatric patients at JUMC.
Methods: A hospital based retrospective cross sectional study was conducted to assess treatment outcomes and associated factors of pneumonia among hospitalized pediatric patients at JUMC.
Result: A total of 112 charts were reviewed, male comprised 65 of the study population. Majority, 62 of them were in the age range of 1 month - <1 years old. Majority, 61, of the patient’s weight were in the range of 6-10.9 kg.
Conclusion and Recommendation: the results of this study showed that high prevalence of Good treatment outcome in the study area. Patients who stayed >= 8 days were the significant predictors of poor treatment outcome in children with pneumonia.
Keywords: Pneumonia; Pediatrics; JUMC; Treatment Outcome
Citation: Balcha Worku and Anbessa Bekele. “Assessment of Treatment Outcomes and Associated Factors of Pneumonia among Hospitalized Pediatric Patients at Pediatric Ward in Jimma University Medical Center". Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 4.10 (2020): 79-90.
Copyright: © 2020 Balcha Worku and Anbessa Bekele. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.