Rita O Akonoghrere1*, Ogheneovo C Aghoja1, Omobamidele B Betiku2, Zipporah E Adje1 and Azuka C Oparah3
1Faculty of Pharmacy, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria
2Department of Family Medicine, Lily Hospitals Limited, Warri, Delta State, Nigeria
3Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Rita O Akonoghrere, Faculty of Pharmacy, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria.
Received: June 02, 2020; Published: June 30, 2020
Purpose: Health related quality of life is a multi-dimensional concept that includes domains related to the physical, mental, emotional and social functioning. It appraises both the positive and negative aspect of life. This can be evaluated using various instruments so as to know areas to improve therapy. This study was done to assess the quality of life of a group of hypertensive patients, and to determine predictors of their quality of life.
Method: This was a descriptive cross- sectional study designed to assess the quality of life of hypertensive patients. The sf-12 questionnaire was used to assess Quality of Life in ambulatory patients. Data was obtained from patients visiting two facilities in Delta state, Nigeria.
Results: The total sample size used was 122 respondents of which 72 were males (58.5%). The mean Physical Component Summary (PCS) of quality of life was 47 ± 7.5; while the mean Mental Component Summary (MCS) of quality of life was 46.7 ± 9.2. The mean systolic blood pressure was 139.6mmHg ± 19.1 while the mean diastolic blood pressure was 82.8mmHg ± 13.3. The Beta value obtained from all the analysis were > 0.05, hence there were no significant predictors of quality of life.
Conclusion: Quality of life was generally low and below the Norm of 50% according to the US standard. The physical component scale however was the most affected. Neither the clinical status nor the socio-demographics of the patients were predictors of their quality of life.
Keywords: Quality of Life; Blood Pressure; Hypertension; SF-12 Questionnaire; Nigeria
Citation: Rita O Akonoghrere., et al. “An Assessment of Quality of Life of Hypertensive Patients Visiting a Hospital in Warri, Nigeria". Acta Scientific Pharmaceutical Sciences 4.7 (2020): 49-54.
Copyright: © 2020 Rita O Akonoghrere., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.