Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Case Report Volume 3 Issue 10

Accidental Mercury Ingestion in a 2-Year Old: A Case Report

Priya B* and Varshini C

Department of Paediatrics, Indira Child Care, Chennai, India

*Corresponding Author: Priya B, Consultant, Department of Paediatrics, Indira Child Care, Chennai, India.

Received: July 29, 2020; Published: September 16, 2020

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Abstract

Mercury exists in three forms- elemental (liquid mercury), inorganic mercury and organic mercury (methyl mercury). Elemental mercury or quick silver is the most commonly available form that is processed from an ore called cinnabar. Ingestion of elemental mercury can occur as an occupational or domestic hazard, mishandling or as an attempt to suicide. Although the oral ingestion of elemental mercury is unlikely to cause systemic toxicity due to its poor absorption by the gastrointestinal tract, it can cause adverse effects during any developmental period. Here we present a case of a 2-year old male child who accidentally ingested mercury from a household mercury thermometer. The child did not show any severe signs of toxicity or other systemic symptoms and was stable in the 24th and 48th hours following ingestion and after the 8th week follow-up. His blood parameters, vital signs, RR, HR, LFT and RFT were normal. X-ray abdomen showed radiopaque spots. The aim of this case report is to create awareness among Paediatricians, nurses and other health care workers to understand the systemic effects of mercury and prepare them to handle such cases in the medical practice. Mercury and its toxic effects may be taken as granted in the domestic; therefore, more awareness must be created in the patient population too, to stop the domestic use of mercury thermometers and encourage the use of infrared thermometers. This case report also presents an extensive review of mercury and effects of poisoning.

Keywords: Liquid Mercury; Organic Mercury; Mercuric Salts

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Citation

Citation: Priya B and Varshini C. “Accidental Mercury Ingestion in a 2-Year Old: A Case Report”.Acta Scientific Paediatrics 3.10 (2020): 21-24.



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