Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Review Article Volume 3 Issue 8

Obstructive Sleep Apnoea in Children: A Review

Minu Mumtaz OV1*, Ajay Rao HT2, Sham S Bhat3, Sundeep Hegde K2, Subhathira Rajasekaran1 and Neha Thilak1

1Post Graduate Student, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Yenepoya Dental College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2Professor, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Yenepoya Dental College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
3Professor and HOD, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Yenepoya Dental College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

*Corresponding Author: Minu Mumtaz OV, Post Graduate Student, Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Yenepoya Dental College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Received: May 18, 2020; Published: July 30, 2020

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Abstract

 Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is one of the most common causes of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children. It is associated with significant morbidity, potentially impacting on long-term neurocognitive and behavioural development, as well as cardiovascular outcomes and metabolic homeostasis. The significant variance in degree of end organ morbidity in patients with the same severity of OSA highlights the importance of the interplay of genetic and environmental factors in determining the overall OSA phenotype. Dentists who practice sedation dentistry should exercise extra precautions when treating patients with risk of sleep apnea. This review seeks to summarize the current understanding of the aetiology and mechanisms underlying OSA, its risk factors, diagnosis and treatment.

Keywords: Paediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Paediatric OSA); Sleep-disordered Breathing in Childhood (SDB in Childhood); Oral Appliances; Management; Role of Peadodontist

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Citation

Citation: Minu Mumtaz OV., et al. “Obstructive Sleep Apnoea in Children: A Review". Acta Scientific Paediatrics 3.8 (2020): 49-55.



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