Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 5

Implementation of an Awareness Program and Lifestyle Intervention on Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome among Adolescent Schoolgirls in India

Valarmathi Selvaraj1*, Jain Vanitha2, Fabiola M Dhanraj3, Prema Sekar4 and Anitha Rajendra Babu5

1PhD (N) Scholar, Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research, Virugambakkam, Chennai, India
2Professor, Director of Nursing Shenbaga College of Nursing, Chennai, India
3Principal, Arulmigu Meenakshi College of Nursing, Kancheepuram, India
4Principal, Annai Veilankanni College of Nursing, Perungalatur, India
5Principal, Rajalakshmi College of Nursing, Chennai, India

*Corresponding Author: Valarmathi Selvaraj, PhD (N) Scholar, Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research, Virugambakkam, Chennai, India.

Received: March 06, 2020; Published: April 29, 2020

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Abstract

 Authors share their experiences from a research on polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) risk among adolescent schoolgirls in a South Indian state. One hundred and twenty school going adolescent girls from a government funded school in Southern India were assessed for PCOS risk, among which 40 had PCOS risk (moderate risk 36, high risk 4). These 40 were grouped in to either experimental or control which 20 each. Experimental group received awareness program and lifestyle modifications (yoga and exercise) by the researcher in coordination with the schoolteachers at the school premises. Pretest knowledge assessment showed, 16 (80%) in the experimental and 15 (75%) on the control group had ‘moderate’ knowledge. Post intervention, 15 (75%) had adequate knowledge in the experimental group and 9 (45%) in the control group. Knowledge score during pretest was mean 11.30; SD 4.91, t = 5.27; p = 0.000 in the experimental group, and 11.25; SD = 4.44, t = 2.85; p = 00.01 in the control group. Knowledge score of post-test was 11.30; SD 4.91; t = 5.27; p = 0.000 in the experimental and the mean 14.35; S.D 4.44; t = 2.85; p = 0.01 in the control group. Attitude score during pretest was 51.80; SD = 11.12, t = 0.01; p = 0.000 in the experimental and 53.45 SD = 5.91; t = 2.99; p = 00.01) in the control group. Attitude score during posttest was mean 53.45; SD = 5.91, t = 2.99; p = 0.1 in the experimental group and 53.45 SD = 5.91; t = 2.99; p = 00.01 in the control group. Improvements in knowledge and attitude score demonstrates the feasibility of lifestyle intervention targeted at adolescent girls, with PCOS risk, in school premises.

Keywords: Adolescent Girls; Attitude; Knowledge; Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome; Risk Assessment

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Citation

Citation: Valarmathi Selvaraj., et al. “Implementation of an Awareness Program and Lifestyle Intervention on Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome among Adolescent Schoolgirls in India” Acta Scientific Paediatrics 3.5 (2020): 24-30.



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