Acta Scientific Paediatrics (ISSN: 2581-883X)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 3

Psychological Traumas in Children and Adolescents: Causes and Nature of Maladaptation Signs

Reshetnikov ММ1, Bobrov АЕ2 and Ulasen ТV3*

1East-European Institute of Psychoanalysis, St. Petersburg, Russia
2Moscow Scientific and Research Institute of Psychiatry - Subsidiary of FSBU “National medical research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology named by V.P. Serbskogo” of the Ministry of Healthcare of Russia, Moscow, Russia
3Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Smolensk State Medical University” of the Ministry of Healthcare of Russia, Smolensk, Russia

*Corresponding Author: Ulasen TV, Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Psychiatry, Narcology and Psychotherapy of the Doctors' Skills Upgrading Faculty of the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Smolensk State Medical University”, Smolensk, Russia.

Received: January 17, 2020; Published: February 12, 2020

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  The article contains the results of differentiated clinical psychopathological, psychodiagnostic and laboratory (estimation techniques for unspecific adaptational blood reactions using lymphocyte levels parameters (Garkavi., et al.) research of adaptational abilities of boarders of social protection institutions (SPI). The obtained results reveal the polymorphism of clinical, social and psychological signs of maladaptation in this population that can be explained by peculiarities of premorbid traumatic experience (mostly violation), duration and impact degree of traumatic factor, condition of functional systems, individual characteristics of the child. Some factors appear to be particularly significant. These are conditions of the child’s development, presence/absence of psychological support factor, presence/absence of social environment that “teaches” an aggressive and hostile behavior. The authors have come to the conclusion that the integrated approach to assessing adaptational abilities in this population is highly important and it can be used by pediatricians, family doctors and psychiatrists when developing individual psychocorrective strategies to be implemented at a social protection institution.

Keywords: Orphans; Deprivation; Kinds of Child Abuse; Mental Disorders; Deviant Behavior

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Citation

Citation: Ulasen ТV., et al. “Psychological Traumas in Children and Adolescents: Causes and Nature of Maladaptation Signs”. Acta Scientific Paediatrics 3.3 (2020): 36-41.



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