Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 10

Incidence and Causes of Needlestick Injury among Nurses in Emergency Departments of Egyptian University Hospitals

Ismail G1*, Abdel-Raouf H2, Abdel-Wahab S3, Abdullah A4, Anwar M5, Bassyouni R6, El-Amir M7, El-Sayed A8, El-Zamarany E9, Girgis SA10, Higazi A11, Rashed H12, Sayed A13, Zakki M14, Bayan N15 and Abdelghaffar H16

1Professor of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
2Professor of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Moassah Medical Center, Alexandria, Egypt
3Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Egypt
4Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Al Azhar University for Girls, Egypt
5Associate Professor, Public Health and Community Medicine, Beni Suef University, Egypt
6Professor of Infection Prevention and Control Unit, Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, Egypt
7Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, South Valley University, Egypt
8Professor of Microbiology and Immunology, General Director of Infection Prevention and Control- Suez Canal University Hospitals, Egypt
9Professor of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt
10Professor of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Ain Shams University Hospital, Egypt
11Assistant Professor Department of Clinical and Chemical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt
12Professor, Clinical Pathology Department, Assiut University, Egypt
13Professor of Clinical and Chemical Pathology, Kasralainy, Cairo, Eygpt
14Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt
15Regional Medical/Clinical Affairs, Becton Dickinson, Dubai, UAE
16Professor of ENT, Faculty of Medicine, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt

*Corresponding Author: Ismail G, Professor of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Received: August 12, 2020; Published: September 24, 2020

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Abstract

Background: Rates of NSIs among hospital HCWs worldwide range between 14.9% to 69.4%, with the highest rates occurring in nurses. In Egypt several NSI studies have already been published, but there has been a gap in research since 2013.

Objective: The present study aims to provide an updated assessment of the current situation of sharp injuries among nurses across several university hospitals in Egypt.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 895 nurses across 13 university hospitals in Egypt between September 2018 and February 2019. A self-filled survey was administered, collecting detailed information on the history of every NSI incident occurring in the past 3 months.

Results: 41.5% (n = 371) of nurses reported ≥ 1 NSI during the past three months. Hollow needles were the most common category of sharp device injury (81%) and 54.3% of injuries occurred when the devices were used for injecting a patient. Nurses that received safety training in the past year and reported a job experience of > 10 yrs were at a lesser risk of experiencing a NSI.

Conclusion: The rate of NSI indicates a high risk of blood borne infections among HCWs in Egypt. Without appropriate assessments of the burden of NSI, directed prevention efforts, availability of pre and post-exposure prophylaxis for bloodborne injuries and extensive training programs for HCW, NSIs will remain a major challenge.

Keywords: Needlestick Injuries; Sharps Injury; Healthcare Workers; Nurses; Blood-borne Pathogens

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References

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Citation

Citation: Ismail G., et al. “Incidence and Causes of Needlestick Injury among Nurses in Emergency Departments of Egyptian University Hospitals". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.10 (2020): 124-129.



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